Why Brexit happened — and what to do next | Alexander Betts


I am British. (Laughter) (Applause) Never before has the phrase
“I am British” elicited so much pity. (Laughter) I come from an island
where many of us like to believe there’s been a lot of continuity
over the last thousand years. We tend to have historically
imposed change on others but done much less of it ourselves. So it came as an immense shock to me when I woke up on the morning of June 24 to discover that my country
had voted to leave the European Union, my Prime Minister had resigned, and Scotland was considering a referendum that could bring to an end
the very existence of the United Kingdom. So that was an immense shock for me, and it was an immense
shock for many people, but it was also something
that, over the following several days, created a complete political meltdown in my country. There were calls for a second referendum, almost as if, following a sports match, we could ask the opposition for a replay. Everybody was blaming everybody else. People blamed the Prime Minister for calling the referendum
in the first place. They blamed the leader of the opposition
for not fighting it hard enough. The young accused the old. The educated blamed
the less well-educated. That complete meltdown was made even worse by the most tragic element of it: levels of xenophobia and racist abuse
in the streets of Britain at a level that I have never seen before in my lifetime. People are now talking about whether
my country is becoming a Little England, or, as one of my colleagues put it, whether we’re about to become
a 1950s nostalgia theme park floating in the Atlantic Ocean. (Laughter) But my question is really, should we have the degree of shock
that we’ve experienced since? Was it something
that took place overnight? Or are there deeper structural factors
that have led us to where we are today? So I want to take a step back
and ask two very basic questions. First, what does Brexit represent, not just for my country, but for all of us around the world? And second, what can we do about it? How should we all respond? So first, what does Brexit represent? Hindsight is a wonderful thing. Brexit teaches us many things
about our society and about societies around the world. It highlights in ways
that we seem embarrassingly unaware of how divided our societies are. The vote split along lines of age,
education, class and geography. Young people didn’t turn out
to vote in great numbers, but those that did wanted to remain. Older people really wanted
to leave the European Union. Geographically, it was London and Scotland
that most strongly committed to being part of the European Union, while in other parts of the country
there was very strong ambivalence. Those divisions are things we really
need to recognize and take seriously. But more profoundly,
the vote teaches us something about the nature of politics today. Contemporary politics
is no longer just about right and left. It’s no longer just about tax and spend. It’s about globalization. The fault line of contemporary politics is
between those that embrace globalization and those that fear globalization. (Applause) If we look at why
those who wanted to leave — we call them “Leavers,”
as opposed to “Remainers” — we see two factors in the opinion polls that really mattered. The first was immigration,
and the second sovereignty, and these represent a desire for people
to take back control of their own lives and the feeling that they
are unrepresented by politicians. But those ideas are ones
that signify fear and alienation. They represent a retreat
back towards nationalism and borders in ways that many of us would reject. What I want to suggest is the picture
is more complicated than that, that liberal internationalists, like myself, and I firmly
include myself in that picture, need to write ourselves
back into the picture in order to understand
how we’ve got to where we are today. When we look at the voting patterns
across the United Kingdom, we can visibly see the divisions. The blue areas show Remain and the red areas Leave. When I looked at this, what personally struck me
was the very little time in my life I’ve actually spent
in many of the red areas. I suddenly realized that,
looking at the top 50 areas in the UK that have the strongest Leave vote, I’ve spent a combined total
of four days of my life in those areas. In some of those places, I didn’t even know the names
of the voting districts. It was a real shock to me, and it suggested that people like me who think of ourselves
as inclusive, open and tolerant, perhaps don’t know
our own countries and societies nearly as well as we like to believe. (Applause) And the challenge that comes from that
is we need to find a new way to narrate globalization to those people, to recognize that for those people who
have not necessarily been to university, who haven’t necessarily
grown up with the Internet, that don’t get opportunities to travel, they may be unpersuaded
by the narrative that we find persuasive in our often liberal bubbles. (Applause) It means that we need to reach out
more broadly and understand. In the Leave vote, a minority have peddled
the politics of fear and hatred, creating lies and mistrust around, for instance,
the idea that the vote on Europe could reduce the number of refugees
and asylum-seekers coming to Europe, when the vote on leaving
had nothing to do with immigration from outside the European Union. But for a significant majority
of the Leave voters the concern was disillusionment
with the political establishment. This was a protest vote for many, a sense that nobody represented them, that they couldn’t find
a political party that spoke for them, and so they rejected
that political establishment. This replicates around Europe
and much of the liberal democratic world. We see it with the rise in popularity
of Donald Trump in the United States, with the growing nationalism
of Viktor Orbán in Hungary, with the increase in popularity
of Marine Le Pen in France. The specter of Brexit
is in all of our societies. So the question I think we need to ask
is my second question, which is how should we
collectively respond? For all of us who care about creating
liberal, open, tolerant societies, we urgently need a new vision, a vision of a more tolerant,
inclusive globalization, one that brings people with us
rather than leaving them behind. That vision of globalization is one that has to start by a recognition
of the positive benefits of globalization. The consensus amongst economists is that free trade,
the movement of capital, the movement of people across borders benefit everyone on aggregate. The consensus amongst
international relations scholars is that globalization
brings interdependence, which brings cooperation and peace. But globalization
also has redistributive effects. It creates winners and losers. To take the example of migration, we know that immigration is a net positive
for the economy as a whole under almost all circumstances. But we also have to be very aware that there are
redistributive consequences, that importantly, low-skilled immigration can lead to a reduction in wages
for the most impoverished in our societies and also put pressure on house prices. That doesn’t detract
from the fact that it’s positive, but it means more people
have to share in those benefits and recognize them. In 2002, the former Secretary-General
of the United Nations, Kofi Annan, gave a speech at Yale University, and that speech was on the topic
of inclusive globalization. That was the speech
in which he coined that term. And he said, and I paraphrase, “The glass house of globalization
has to be open to all if it is to remain secure. Bigotry and ignorance are the ugly face of exclusionary
and antagonistic globalization.” That idea of inclusive globalization
was briefly revived in 2008 in a conference on progressive governance involving many of the leaders
of European countries. But amid austerity
and the financial crisis of 2008, the concept disappeared
almost without a trace. Globalization has been taken
to support a neoliberal agenda. It’s perceived to be
part of an elite agenda rather than something that benefits all. And it needs to be reclaimed
on a far more inclusive basis than it is today. So the question is,
how can we achieve that goal? How can we balance on the one hand
addressing fear and alienation while on the other hand
refusing vehemently to give in to xenophobia and nationalism? That is the question for all of us. And I think, as a social scientist, that social science
offers some places to start. Our transformation has to be about
both ideas and about material change, and I want to give you four ideas
as a starting point. The first relates to the idea
of civic education. What stands out from Brexit is the gap between public perception
and empirical reality. It’s been suggested that we’ve moved
to a postfactual society, where evidence and truth no longer matter, and lies have equal status
to the clarity of evidence. So how can we — (Applause) How can we rebuild respect for truth
and evidence into our liberal democracies? It has to begin with education, but it has to start with the recognition
that there are huge gaps. In 2014, the pollster Ipsos MORI published a survey
on attitudes to immigration, and it showed that as numbers
of immigrants increase, so public concern
with immigration also increases, although it obviously
didn’t unpack causality, because this could equally be to do
not so much with numbers but the political
and media narrative around it. But the same survey also revealed huge public misinformation and misunderstanding
about the nature of immigration. For example, in these attitudes
in the United Kingdom, the public believed that levels of asylum were a greater proportion
of immigration than they were, but they also believed
the levels of educational migration were far lower as a proportion
of overall migration than they actually are. So we have to address this misinformation, the gap between perception and reality
on key aspects of globalization. And that can’t just be something
that’s left to our schools, although that’s important
to begin at an early age. It has to be about lifelong
civic participation and public engagement
that we all encourage as societies. The second thing
that I think is an opportunity is the idea to encourage more interaction
across diverse communities. (Applause) One of the things that stands out
for me very strikingly, looking at immigration attitudes
in the United Kingdom, is that ironically,
the regions of my country that are the most tolerant of immigrants have the highest numbers of immigrants. So for instance, London and the Southeast
have the highest numbers of immigrants, and they are also by far
the most tolerant areas. It’s those areas of the country
that have the lowest levels of immigration that actually are the most exclusionary
and intolerant towards migrants. So we need to encourage exchange programs. We need to ensure that older generations
who maybe can’t travel get access to the Internet. We need to encourage,
even on a local and national level, more movement, more participation, more interaction
with people who we don’t know and whose views we might
not necessarily agree with. The third thing that I think
is crucial, though, and this is really fundamental, is we have to ensure that everybody shares in the benefits of globalization. This illustration from the Financial Times
post-Brexit is really striking. It shows tragically that those people
who voted to leave the European Union were those who actually
benefited the most materially from trade with the European Union. But the problem is
that those people in those areas didn’t perceive themselves
to be beneficiaries. They didn’t believe that they
were actually getting access to material benefits of increased trade
and increased mobility around the world. I work on questions
predominantly to do with refugees, and one of the ideas
I spent a lot of my time preaching, mainly to developing countries
around the world, is that in order to encourage
the integration of refugees, we can’t just benefit
the refugee populations, we also have to address the concerns
of the host communities in local areas. But in looking at that, one of the policy prescriptions
is that we have to provide disproportionately better
education facilities, health facilities, access to social services in those regions of high immigration to address the concerns
of those local populations. But while we encourage that
around the developing world, we don’t take those lessons home and incorporate them in our own societies. Furthermore, if we’re going
to really take seriously the need to ensure people share
in the economic benefits, our businesses and corporations
need a model of globalization that recognizes that they, too,
have to take people with them. The fourth and final idea
I want to put forward is an idea that we need
more responsible politics. There’s very little
social science evidence that compares attitudes on globalization. But from the surveys that do exist, what we can see is there’s huge variation
across different countries and time periods in those countries for attitudes and tolerance of questions like migration
and mobility on the one hand and free trade on the other. But one hypothesis that I think emerges
from a cursory look at that data is the idea that polarized societies
are far less tolerant of globalization. It’s the societies
like Sweden in the past, like Canada today, where there is a centrist politics, where right and left work together, that we encourage supportive attitudes
towards globalization. And what we see around the world today
is a tragic polarization, a failure to have dialogue
between the extremes in politics, and a gap in terms
of that liberal center ground that can encourage communication
and a shared understanding. We might not achieve that today, but at the very least we have to call
upon our politicians and our media to drop a language of fear
and be far more tolerant of one another. (Applause) These ideas are very tentative, and that’s in part because this needs
to be an inclusive and shared project. I am still British. I am still European. I am still a global citizen. For those of us who believe that our identities
are not mutually exclusive, we have to all work together to ensure that globalization
takes everyone with us and doesn’t leave people behind. Only then will we truly reconcile
democracy and globalization. Thank you. (Applause)

Maurice Vega

100 Responses

  1. He's SO wrong on SO many levels. Just from the beginning, he states that one side wanted to stay while the other side was "ambivalent" and shortly afterward claims that one side embraces globalization while the other side fears it. That's not it at ALL. Those who voted to exit the EU have stated their point repeatedly, and have been largely ignored. They did not fear globalization. they feared the corruption within the core authoritarian regime taking hold in the EU, and the oppression that will bring. "Globalization" had nothing to do with it for most people. This guy is just pushing leftist propaganda.

  2. Re. Younger and older people. Can't you see where "experience" is? Which people do you think better know the lies the various governments have been telling us, the public over the years?

  3. He's talking about being global and liberal one second then acting sad that Scotland are gearing up for independence form England the next.

  4. It’s well known that globalists promise the world, but can’t deliver until they get more power and authority. Liberalism becomes more and more dictatorial in the pursuit of equalizing outcomes. The people are waking up to the false promises.

  5. No, Brexit teaches English society how toxic and selfish thier elite, Oxbrige educated leaders are, Scotland wants nothing to do with it thankyou very much. You'll find little racism up here as we welcome immigrants and want to remain part of a global trade partnership that benefits all,and not just the landed gentry and royal hierarchy. Speak for yourself Alexander and not the whole of the so called " United Kingdom ".

  6. So by 10 minutes he is pretty much saying the leave voters are uneducated idiots with no internet 😂😂 and he needs to go there to educate them. This is funny.

  7. So he admits that he has no idea of what life is like for the poorer people he disagrees with except that immigration makes their lives worse, but then still insists that they're wrong to complain. He's basically saying that globalisation has been great for him and his mates, and that as long as more money net is available, the poor people don't matter.

    The best question to put to this guy is which scenario he finds preferable, 2 people with £100 each, or 3 people where 2 have £1000 and the other has £1. Everything he's said suggests he'd prefer the second scenario but telling the £1 person that the world is better overall.

    He's also tried to gloss over the glaringly obvious fact that if you ask an area with a high proportion of immigrants if they like immigrants, you've already got that high proportion saying positive things. I would expect a higher proportion of people to say they like Manchester United in Old Trafford than elsewhere.

  8. I guess he needs to spend more than 4 days in those uneducated corners of the country (without internet )bit longer to understand other's views.

  9. The Great Hack

    cambridge analytica
    former employees still work for trump.
    also still executing brexit while the sheeple follow.

    say goodbye to your eu privacy laws

  10. I don't buy into his assertion that the only way you can oppose something is to be fearful of it. You can oppose something for a variety of reasons, fear need not even be involved.

  11. Speaker is sadly uneducated. He claims leaving the EU has nothing to do with immigration from outside of the EU. Obviously he isn’t aware of EU refugee quotas mandated in EU member states. This guys has no real understanding of what he’s talking about. If he did he’d be pro brexit too.

  12. Globalizing only works for people who want a fluid unstable society, without traditions, without heart, without the love of the land that has grown her own breed of people. A Soros wet dream.

  13. I never once heard him mention the word democracy I never once heard him mention fair play the EU and its currency is defunct its all about power , its the new form of communism

  14. My lord this guy really doesn't know anything, blinded by his own liberal blinkers. If only we can educate people, give old people access to the internet and expose everyone to more immigration we can all be happy borderless global citizens. Social scientist totally fails to see the EU as what it is, an empire building totalitarian apparatus for the aggregation of power and wealth for a bureaucratic elite, can't wait to shackle himself under it.

  15. You can not reclaim globalisation for ALL. The Establishment are too corrupt. They will do what they've done for the last 50 years. Lie, say they will change things for the better, only to create a new system designed to hood wink us and improve their lives. It really is that simple. Remove ourselves (or rather the Elite) from the European situation and we can start again a fresh.

    We need to remove permanently corrupt politicians with no recourse to return in to the political arena. It would send out the right message to them all.

  16. As much as I agree on his broad points he is glossing over how many are not able to take part on those benefits of globalization. I am an American and these same factors led to Trump being elected. Too many areas are disconnected from the benefits he says are there and internet connection and education aren't going to help. Mining towns that are dying or dead, have no money and vast unemployment aren't going to become boom towns because Billy Joe gets a degree in IT. You can argue that people should move to other areas but moving takes money and if you cannot get a job there all you are doing is moving to a new place to have no opportunity. Looking back is all they really have. Invoking to the good old days and promising they will come back is far more appealing than saying uproot your life and family and hope for the best.

  17. This guy epitomises why people voted leave. White, middle class, arrogant academics who live in a world of ideas with barely any interaction with the consequences their decisions cause. People with no sense of identity of their own or allegiance to the sacrifices previous generations made. Be under no illusions, people like him loathe the working classes of this country, which is why they're scrambling for any means to reverse the democratic decision we made 4 years ago now.

    Be proud people. You've well and truly fucked people like him over, and I couldn't be more proud of you all for it.

  18. It's funny. Around 8:50 he touched on the downsides of immigration, so he seems aware they exist, but he then seems to instantly forget and assumes that Brexit is about xenophobia rather than real people opposing the very real issues he mentioned. He is right that there needs to be more political discourse though.

  19. 17 minutes of a man desperately trying to prevent his own teeth and eyeballs from escaping the confines of his skull.

  20. Oh Alexander – this started off as a rigorous, impartial and thoughtful analysis of what happened and why and how. No punches pulled, no feelings spared, and for perhaps 7 or 8 minutes we were all with you. As succinct and perceptive analysis as any I had heard before – or indeed since. So objective #1 achieved – and indeed nicely presented.

    But then – dear Lord – you proceed to demonstrate the extent to which you really, profoundly, conceptually do not get it !! From the point where you cite Kofi Annan's "take" on Globalisation, you close the door to any possibility – even the vaguest suspicion – that anything other than 100% pure uncut globalisation will ultimately be acceptable for the future of the planet. The classic Liberal failing – "Well I can see it all so clearly – why can't you??"

    And then we refer back to your central admission of having spent 4 days of your ENTIRE life in the 90% of the English/Welsh land-mass coloured red on your graphic – and your preconceptions and prejudices backed up by such pathetically short exposure lead you from one (perhaps not arrogant, but certainly) misinformed position to the next and undoes all the excellent groundwork of Part One.

    A propos of absolutely nothing, you assert that "the most tolerant in our society are those in London and the South-East" and that the least tolerant "are those who have experienced least immigration". A statement of stunning and breath-taking naivete !
    You truly believe that what the people of Bradford, Leeds, Leicester, Inner Manchester, Inner Birmingham actually need is MORE ethnic diversity? I strongly suggest you try visiting any of them sometime soon.
    Actually (ironically) you are right – but for absolutely the wrong reasons …… what they need is more native, culturally original people to restore the stability and identitiy of once great British cities, now ghetto-ised almost to the point of destruction by alien cultures unable and indeed unwilling to integrate with those who had been there before.

    And you view various polls carried out in Central London to be indicative of broad-minded tolerance? But perhaps the fact that 33 of the 37 London boroughs now have a MINORITY White/British population (as only rich foreigners can now afford the inflated property prices) might explain why there is less hostility to immigrants than elsewhere in the xenophobic, misguided provinces??

    The pursuit of utopian world-wide co-existence can no longer afford to ignore local tensions and the loss of identitiy and belonging of indigenous peoples, no matter how much that offends your sense of ethnic propriety – just try exporting those values to Pakistan or iran or Saudi or Zimbabwe or Somalia or Nigeria – or indeed to India or China or Japan.

    Only in the "woke" democracies of the West are we supposed to habitually turn the other cheek and continuously welcome people who essentially despise our culture and wish us harm. This is not just a British view – check out the popular movements in Sweden, italy, France, and YES, even Germany. Not to mention the Central European states of which you liberals are (quite wrongly) so dismissive and perjorative. People of your stamp have to understand that there is no simple panacea – no one size fits all solution to multi-racialism – much less the thoroughly discredited version of multi-culturalism. Destroying the host state is NOT conducive to the ongoing well-being of either future or past immigrants. This stuff NOW has to be managed sensitively, firmly and properly – not left to develop organically in multiple cultural ghettoes. That way lies bloodshed, ugliness and ruin.

  21. No mention that the Earth has limits that we are exceeding. The globalists believe consumption and population can continue to grow and be redistributed forever. I've got news for him, it's over. The next phase for our human race is one of contraction, making do with less, being more local. He may like to dismiss me as being ignorant but maybe it is him that needs to be educated about carrying capacity, sustainability, and declining net fossil energy.

  22. My goodness, I've just got the internet for the first time and saw this. as a leaver (supporter of Independence from the tyrannical EU, the blue print for his globalism) I didn't realise how wrong I was!! What a self righteous buffoon. These are the ones teaching your kids foulks!

  23. "I realized that I don't understand their point of view, so we need to (re-)educate them into accepting just our point of view."

  24. I am English not British… there is no country of Britain, England is part of the British Isles. the EU seek to destroy England and the English Laws/Bill of Rights/Constitution. They also want to break England into 9 regions for England to cease to Exist! it is time for the English to have its OWN Parliament as currently we are the ONLY Country with Europe not to have their own Parliament. This has to Change!

  25. Blair has already broken the terms of the Union… People have been lied to by the MSM and that has increased greatly since Brexit. The EU is a Dictatorship that steals from the people of Sovereign Countries. Division is deliberate and is propaganda fed from the msm

  26. Nationalists are the ones that need to wake up to the fact there are only two nations on this planet, the rich nation and the poor nation. Are you rich?

  27. We should, he should, they should…nobody want to be told what they need to do or not!!!
    From the standpoint of a person who lived through the breakup of Yugoslavia Brexit is blown way of proportion.
    Ex Yugoslavia countries are trading more than ever and remember this is after the war, killings and civilian massacres!!!
    Brexit is peaceful breakup and as long Britain has great products and hard-working people they will do great!

  28. The lack of self awareness in this poor kid is painful to watch. He's spouted nothing but bigotry toward the peons he believes voted the wrong way, but keeps repeating how bigoted they are?

    Some rejoinders for him:
    He considers opposition to mass immigration to be a bad thing, then freely confesses to never having visited an area where the worst effects of it are felt. Let me educate those of you who haven't been racially abused for the colour of your skin, or attacked for your assumed religious beliefs, or denied employment opportunities in favour of 'protected' characteristics. There are no advantages to mass migration for working class people in native populations. None. The big three- cheap labour, plugging skills gaps and cultural enrichment all come at a heavy price for indigenous people. Wages are forced down, training opportunities are removed and the possibility of using artistic, literary, musical or culinary talent to work your way out of poverty are all denied. Mass migration destroys existing communities and forces unnecessary hardships on the poorest, most vulnerable members of any society.
    Sovereignty. Being able to control, even to a very limited extent, the political elite is a worthwhile right. The EU doesn't offer that right. The un-elected Commission dictate to the elected Parliament, who can't propose, amend, or repeal legislation. They get a one time veto, which needs an insane amount of cross party support to arrange. The Commission, of course, can just put the legislation forward again, and again, and again, until Parliament votes the 'right' way. Getting rid of the Commission is a monumental task- anyone remember the Santer Commission? Or the witch hunt on whistleblowers that followed their eventual downfall? The EU is insanely undemocratic, national governments much less so.

    This Horay Henry wringing his hands about the way the hoi polli voted needs to understand two things. The first is that his opinion is not worth more than anyone else's, no matter how snotty he feels about the level of education enjoyed by his fellow countrymen. The second is that we still live in a democracy. Once a democratic mandate is given to our politicians, they have a duty to fulfill it. His distaste for the riff raff and his wildly incorrect assumptions about their motivations are completely irrelevant- we don't need his permission, we need our politicians to do what they promised to do.

    Finally, three years after the vote, mass migration is down and- surprise, surprise- employment, wages and training opportunities for native British people are up. Brexit has already been a success for the 'leavers'. Hopefully, come October, we'll end this debacle once and for all. Not to go back to whatever fictional history the kid was sneering at, but to embrace a future with a little more freedom and a little less political interference.

    It's been three years- does anyone think he might have grown up enough to change his opinion on the unwashed masses? 😉

  29. Globalisation in an EU context has just seen the lowering of wages and the exporting of jobs within the EU to even lower-wage areas! In my own community, a major business with over 200 years in the Town has sent its manufacturing to Eastern Europe and is now planning on closing down its current operations and moving its distribution to a new location away from the Town. Nearby a major factory has been closed and moved to Poland for the manufacture of products exclusively used in Britian! While we in Britain seem to be open to change and market forces others in the EU remain very much closed to change so multinationals can take advantage of our more lax approach to business regulation. Of course, this is not all bad news London is now one of the largest French communities cities in the World, including its own French radio station! The point this guy doesn't seem to get is that most EU countries have little experience of democracy and are used to authoritarian government and a lack of democratic control and accountability. While he did mention this he glossed over it. We Brits (actually the English) cut off the head of a king over "No Taxation Without Representation" and then rehearsed the whole thing again in the 13 Colonies a century later! Rebellion by the Yoman classes has been a common feature in English History (Peasants Revolt was by educated tradesmen and craftsmen) Underlying Brexit is a dissatisfaction with our political classes who have yet to realise the levels of dissatisfaction most of us have with the establishment and the feeling they are no longer listened too or that their contribution and needs are no longer valid. The Left, in particular, has lost the plot and have failed their core vote. What happened to Labour in Scotland should have been the warning shot, but they didn't get it! Cameron's election victory was due to the Labour core vote going to UKIP and since transferred to the Brexit Party. The Left's obsession with multiculturalism and foreigners and other Politically Correct issues has resulted in a constant attack on the indigenous people of Britain and the settled communities, often fronted by the very people who have benefitted from our generosity! It has created segregation and isolation instead of integration which is bad for those coming here and those already here! The Left continually lie about things to conceal their true intentions and use PC to close down discussions they don't want. Blair's extraordinary decision to allow in 2m people during his rule (less than 10 years) has caused huge disruption and displacement. There was no civic planning so it is no wonder the NHS, Housing and education were overwhelmed. To put this mass immigration into context is was equivalent to the entire net immigration from the end of WW2 to his arrival as PM! All discussion was closed down by using terms such as racist etc. The public has now got over their fear of PC labels and simply doesn't care any longer! The torrent of abuse by remoaners has been extraordinary and petulant! He is right that the Left needs to get back in touch; so get rid of the current Labour front bench rather than a bunch of trust, fund public school boys and girls; who have never done a days work in their lives and obsessed with Marxist/Leninist pseudo-intellectual rubbish!

  30. I think around the 5:30 mark is the only sensible thing this guy says. My goodness..TED allowed this !? The 'Educated' & the 'Experts' were the ones who caused the global financial mess and all other subsequent messes. They told us that privatisation would bring better services. We didn't believe them then and we certainly don't believe them now. Most of the EU countries are running on deficit, how are they going to bail out other countries that have bigger deficits ? And when Italy finaly plunges, are you Sir proposing we hang around to help bail that mess out as part of our obligation as Eu members ? At what cost will that be ? The EU parliamnet (not a real parliament BTW) is a shambles of a few self elected elite, telling 28 other countries with no power to argue any ammendments to bills put forward by those elite few, what to do. No, nein, non.

  31. It was a fraudulent result based on Boris' lies and it was specifically legally NON-BINDING. Why, then, pay any attention to it at all? Caving in to racist worthless lazy white boys is stupid.

  32. Man this was bad. So so bad. Did he get paid for that?? Man!!? How the other half live. Maybe I need to travel more or get the…… Oh what did he call it?? Internet?? Burk!

  33. You just said the centre of thr problem: by having spent so few days in the country you just said you do not know your own country. You think your thoughts represent some kind of better good, which is not necessary the case…

  34. Remainers are stone cold losers, they lost so big they dunno what to do. Buhhhlieve me.. Britain is a nation of Brexiteers now. Remoantards are eternally defeated 😌 🇬🇧💪🏻

  35. Yes yes the narrowminded people with fear and stupidity voted leave.
    Mr globalist your living in a bubble yourself.

  36. Look at the madness in his posture – and his crazy eyes….just look!
    He is so wrongheaded that he refuse to reconsider the stupid, idiotic massimmgration and the total failure of globalisation.
    He just must include massimmigration in all of his naive formulas for a "good society".
    He must FEED his personal "kindness-ego" – so he could never accept the fact that immigration has wrecked Europe.
    "We must win the battle against sanity and protective nationalism – with kindness-cockies and sneaky persuasion" – he thinks.

  37. If you disagree with allowing more immigrants into your country, you need to have more and more education until you agree with his view. How arrogant.

    My response. If you agree with allowing more and more immigrants into the country, then it is you that needs more education until you see things from my point of view.

  38. this dude is talking about how everyone in the UK should act and what they should do. how about how the immigrants need and should act when the go to another country? there wouldnt be an issue if they did right and abide by the host countries laws.

  39. I am anti-protectionism (except for industries that are needed to win a war).
    As such, I am pro free trade.
    This is why I voted to leave the EU.
    Oh, and yes, I am well educated and can just about fathom how to use the internet.

  40. What if we are not interested in more trade and more material things, what if we are interested in a functional community. What if we are not interested in importing more consumers so big money can be bigger money?

  41. So all they need to do is indoctrinate children from start of school in the 'benefits' of 'lifelong civic participation' and globalism will succeed!

    Hogwash, we (the so called 'far right populists') are waking people up faster than you can induce them into you 'globalist coma' state, where all responsibility rests with the globalists, and in return they will allow the 'peasants' some measure of comfort until they die out…

    Sorry Mr Social Experimenter, four days experience of what normal folk think and want or are lacking does not qualify you to speak about THEIR future, and if they desire to restore the UK (or if need be England alone) to a 1950's theme park, so be it, they will all have jobs as theme park residents and folk can start to return to self sufficiency with full responsibility for their sovereign life choice's.

  42. It's us the working class who get all the negatives of mass migration. Then when we raise legitimate concerns we're told to shut up for the sake of diversity. We're called racists, islamophobes and fascists because we're complaining our areas have become more dangerous and are basically being taken over by immigrants. Because our wages are being depressed, our children can't find work, or a home when grown.

    The working class have had ZERO benefits from globalism and we are the beating heart of a nation. The Sense of community we had is gone. We're excluded at work because we can't speak the language of all the immigrants.
    We valued our society and mass migration is fracturing and balkanization is commonplace now.

    And you wonder why we voted the way we did.

  43. This guy is an idiot. Globalization is an ideology and by its nature is a global race to the bottom when it comes to labor. Private capital further likes open immigration as a way to suppress wages as well. Globalists take the stability of the West as a given unaware of what it took to build the inherited cultural fat they live-off of and take for granted. Tariffs are a sensible tool to maintain a level playing field for labor; i.e. First World countries not being undercut by poverty-stricken 3rd World ones. Globalism has made plenty of empty promises, and it is brutal to many an honest working man college or no.

  44. BUT let us not forget the middle class is all too willing to do absolutely anything for any regime as evidenced globally and through all history.
    AND the education system is where the class system is institutionalised. It is run by the middle class for the middle class.
    neoliberalism is the engine of extreme wealth division and it uses all division to achieve it's generation of poverty
    and the middle class facilitates the richest offshoring their social responsibility.
    The complicity of the middle class administering the piss on the poor policy is the reason for the brexit tantrum.
    The center ground is the problem not the solution. That false concern may sound like the right noise to make
    but administering piss on the poor policy has played right into the hands of extreme division and the extreme right.
    There is absolutely nothing moderate about neoliberalism yet the centrists have made it happen.
    IT WAS THE CENTRISTS THAT MADE NEOLIBERALISM HAPPEN.

  45. Brexit. What to do next? Easy. Look at what Adolf Hitler did. He became Bundeskanzler of Germany and three weeks later something bad happened.

    The Jewish Congress in London told the whole world to boycott Germany. Nobody did a what told to them by the Jewish Congress.

    Of course not. Germany delivered very good stuff to the world under extremely favorite conditions. If a country could not pay, they would get a loan.

    I know. The British do not want to listen to Adolf Hitler. They have a name of colonizing countries and killing people.

  46. The conceited arrogance of this speaker is typical of the whining remoaner. Those who voted leave are bigots, racist and uneducated as they are thick!
    I voted leave as I am sick of an undemocratic dictatorship running my country. The EU is a failed experiment. I have higher degrees and studied EU law.
    Multiculturalism has failed in many ways in the UK to the point that Enoch Powell was justified in his rivers of blood speech.
    Recent videos have proven that the tolerance of immigrants is not real. The Muslim woman yelling abuse at a gay pride march highlights the fact that immigrants live in their own communities and don't integrate.
    Immigration should be points based and beneficial to our economy.
    Finally liberal brainwashing disguised as social education is still brainwashing, we live in a democracy and the people have voted. GET OVER IT OR GO AND LIVE IN A GLOBALISED UTOPIA

  47. If somebody doesn't go out to vote that means they are indifferent to the outcome of the vote, which means that most young people in Britain genuinely don't mind Brexit

  48. People don’t have a fear of globalisation. People have a fear of the systems of government that are driving it. People feel that they don’t have enough influence and control over their own politicians in their respective countries. Why, therefore, would they allow a higher system of rule, like the European Parliament, to take more control and influence away from them as an electorate. The members of the European Council are appointed. They are not elected by the Citizens of Europe and yet have enormous power over member states and the political direction they take. Brexit was a rejection of this system of rule that the people have no control over and was the first step towards people trying to regain democracy and accountability in their domestic political system, government and opposition parties. I genuinely think that the only way we will survive as a species in the long term is by working as a global collective. A world without boarders, separate governments and competing economies. However, we need to get to the stage where we trust our governments and political system and have achieved true democracy before we can build a global system that works for all and is truly accountable to the people it serves. We are not there yet. The EU is not the answer.

  49. We are a sovereign nation stare, in the EU we are just a subjdct province of a foreign power!
    And by the way you are not tolerant you're just smug!!!

  50. " We must make sure that the poor illiterate voting masses can't think for thwmselves, we must re educate them into only believing our world view "That is what a liberal thinks of democracy!!!!

  51. A case of ‘stating the obvious’ big time? Some time ago I had a tea shirt printed with the slogan ‘ I TS AUSTERITY WOT DONE I T ‘ just about every problematic issue has its roots here, Brexit glaringly obviously so ! Neoliberalism has destroyed trust in governance and ruined lives bigtime. Brexit is the outcome but not the end of the consequences of austerity . The rise of the far right is like a wave of deja vie of the nineteen thirties cause and effect. Polarisation is deeply embedded. ‘I’m all right jack’ is deeply embedded in the section of the population supporting austerity policies. They do not join up the dots. They seem to think they can avoid the consequences. This is a failure of education as well of politics. The elite seem to believe that the destruction of the USSR means they are immune to class based opposition. Not so. The expression of it is merely less conscious and far more volatile and destructive. Self destructive is maybe, but beyond a certain point, that is no longer relevant. Brexit is not the final outcome, it is merely a significant sign post on the trajectory being played out certainly across Europe. The place our country is still situated in ! There is not merely disillusionment in the places of Brexit , there is bitterness as well as despair. Once the beast is awoken it is too late to appease its rage !

  52. The type of people who want to be ruled by foreign bureaucrats are the type of people who would have surrendered to Germany in ww2 without a shot being fired

  53. Sorry, poor TED talker, but levels of racism and xenophobia at an all time high in the UK?! Hmmm, gross exaggeration. I think you've been reading the guardian too much. I'm British and live in the UK and i do not relate at all to this guy's claims. Utter bollocks.

  54. The problem is liberal and left are by far the most intolerant groups hands down. Look around the world it is true. Please don't tell me I have to willingly accept those into my country that have no desire to adhere to the social norms that exist.

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