The 3 Branches of Government Explained

what do you mean and welcome to hip Hughes history where we're going to do an oldie but goodie today a flashback lecture for the boys and girls of America and maybe even men and women too a basic lecture on the three branches of government what you need to know to get through this life if you're going to be calling yourself an American citizen so why don't we go giddy up for the learning right now and go get er done so my fellow Americans and global citizens of the world let me first preface this by saying we've already done these lectures in much more detailed fashions so as I go through each article that we're going to cover I'm going to put up that video it'll be in the description down below so if you need more information you can go dive into those videos but for the basics I wanted to start off by kind of why the Constitution why three branches of government because that's most important that's probably more important than the little pieces and really the major concept of course is separation of power you've got to keep it separated separated because we learned and this is a very basic idea in American history that it kind of stinks when you only have a one-man rule situation when you have the king up on top of the pyramid sometimes the king can be a little great great if you know what I mean so we're never going to do that again now we're going to have that European style of monarchism where we're going to give power to one entity alone whether that is an executive a legislative or judicial why keep a way to be answer so that's the basic idea separation of power keep power separated because at the heart of the root is that something the heart of the root do roots have hearts at the heart of the matter is the idea that really power rests with people that we have natural rights that were born free free and proud I tell you and that the government's job is to keep that freedom that power that natural right safe that's the job of the government so if we're going to give that government power we're going to make sure it's really for them to take that away or just stop by our Liberty so that's why separation of powers and the other major idea is going to be checks and balances that we're going to set up a little bit of a mouse trap to make sure again that it's not easy to put power into motion to make laws to change things in my life because again the role of the governments to protect my Liberty that's the idea so if we're going to give these branches power we're going to make sure that one of the other branches can knock it down come full style I kid you but that is true for every power there is a check and a balance on that power so I will repeatedly be saying it's a check and balance make sure you listen for that kids so why don't we go line up the branches of power on the fence of learning and I'll see if I can help you knock it down all right basic learning alert the US Constitution is the basic set of directions the blueprint the plan for the United States of America so in that book of rules there are seven chapters and each chapter I'm kind of directs it's focused on a different entity of government or idea and the first three that's my dog dog and in those first three articles chapters we have one for each branch of government so the first one is going to be article 1 and that's written all about the legislative branch so we made the legislative branch first probably for a reason and now if you want to go watch that video there's the thumbnail right there to the description below and that'll break it down much more than I'm about to but the basic idea is first they're going to make laws that's the biggest deal of them all because laws have the power of force so we're going to make sure that if they have the right to make laws there's going to be checks and balances on that right but the first check and balance get this is inside Congress itself now when i say congress and i'm showing you that building right there that building is split in two right down the middle i don't really know how they split it but there is a Senate and a House of Representatives there are two bodies in Congress and in order to pass a law they need to both pass the same law now I'm not going to get into details but there's like 435 Congress people in the house and there's a hundred senators so you're talking about getting half of 535 thirty-eight people to agree very difficult to do so that's the first kind of roadblock is that to pass a law you got to pass the same law in both the House and the Senate sometimes they'll kind of play legislative ping-pong where they'll pass a law in the house send it over the Senate the Senate will be like I don't like that pot send it back to the house the house is like I don't like that part and it goes back and I can put them back and forth I kid you but that's the idea that I can go back and forth and that's there so there you have the first check and balance inside the actual Congress itself between the house and the Senate having to approve the same legislative language to make a law now they also have a huge kind of function in terms of oversight on the presidency now the judges do too will go over that but basically anytime the president picks somebody to be in government it's going to be Congress it's going to have to approve that person now this is specifically targeted to the Senate so now every time that the president picks somebody to be in the family of government they have to March themselves right over to the Senate and they have to have a confirmation hearing and they provide other types of oversight as well we're seeing that kind of you know unfolds every day in the news this is April 2017 as the House of Representatives and the Senate have oversight committees that are looking into kind of the monkey business of Russia in the election and whether or not the executive branch had anything to do with that it could be a farce it could be not a farce but that's the job of Congress is to provide oversight so most important thing they pass legislation it has to pass the House and the Senate in the exact same way let's go look at article two so article 2 is a pretty short article actually when you look at it especially when it's discussing specifics of executive power because we're talking about the presidency the executive so when we look in the actual Constitution the branch of government that is the executive we're going to see first that they enforce the law they're the ones that don't make the laws they don't interpret the laws they enforce congressional law so if the president wants to do something on immigration the president has to follow congressional law they can't make up a completely new way of dealing with that problem now the president also has enormous power in the judiciary as we mentioned before they pick the judges not only the Supreme Court judges who serve unlimited terms and are the highest court in the land but also all the federal court judges as well so that's a lot of power in terms how the law is going to be interpreted it depends who the president's going to get appointed on those courts but of course they've got to go to the Senate first check and balance how about that now the president also is the commander in chief so they're going to be able to make military decisions in order to keep the country safe but again those decisions can't violate law and also those decisions are kind of reliant on Congress because Congress passes the funding laws so it's hard to have a big war game with no money if you know what I mean so again check and balance you see where I'm going with this but really the president's power is in the sense that they are the figurehead of the country now this isn't in the Constitution this is what we call the unwritten Constitution but they are in a sense the chief of the nation if the aliens come down and go take me to your more dog barking if the aliens come down and say take me to your leader you're not going to take them to a senator you're going to take them to the President of the United States or the president United States has something we call the bully pulpit did I tell you where you're under the video on the executive branch you can go watch that and get more details well I just did and that bully pulpit is in a sense their tree stump they can stand on to kind of get the nation behind an idea so a lot of times the while they don't make laws they propose laws and they act as cheerleaders on that bully pulpit I can't lecture when dogs are barking behind me and the president can use that bully pulpit to get their message across now of course in the olden day someone like Teddy Roosevelt would ride the train across the country by the time we get to FDR its radio broadcasts of course in the 60s 70s and 80s it's going to be the television the boob tube then the Internet and now Twitter how about that so what else does the president do the president of course signs legislation or can veto legislation that's a check and balance on Congress's ability to pass legislation do you see how hard it's getting the pass of law now you understand why so that power rests with the President and the president also has a whole bunch of get-out-of-jail-free cards how about that a check on the judiciary it's called the power of pardon and the president can pardon anybody or commute a sentence less than a sentence for anybody convicted of a federal crime I even mentioned the word federalism but we do have states in here where they have their own governments so the president can't pardon somebody for a murder in Ohio unless they drag the body across state lines so let's go over that real quick again what can the president do the president enforces the law they use executive actions to do that the president is commander-in-chief the president can veto laws or sign laws the president can pardon people and the president can appoint people to the Supreme Court the judiciary and to course his cabinet and ambassadors and there's other appointments as well all right we seem to have another branch I want you to close your eyes and envision yourself with a big background so that was crazy take slack robe and such but of course we're talking about the judiciary and I'll point out that we have that video if you want to do the digging deeper if you know what I mean but just to kind of go over the very basics they don't really get a lot of power the outline of article 3 is basically kind of how they get their job and that's going to be first to be nominated by the president I told you that than to be approved by the Senate I told you that and then they get a job for a very long time they get a lifetime appointment and that's because we don't want judges who interpret the Constitution they are the referees of America we don't want them to be worrying about the fans going boo or yay so they have lifetime jobs and of course we have an appellate court structure there's different chords but way out of get shopping we have the Supreme Court who right now has nine members they are regulated in the numbers and all that by Congress but they really didn't originally have that much power we're not going to talk about it a lot but their original jurisdiction power really only deals with state out of state cases and ambassadors and these kind of weirdo situations their real power rests in their appellate jurisdiction meaning they hear appeals and at the end of the day we're just going to tell you Marbury vs. Madison because the absence of the definition of their power and the Constitution was decided in a Supreme Court case it's a little bit bizarre but we have a video for that too Marbury vs. Madison in the description below but the idea is that through this unwritten power which is hearing a case they gave themselves the power of judicial review so what does that mean just kind of breaking it down it means that if the legislative branch or the executive branch does something and there's a question of whether or not it's constitutional that it doesn't go against the words of the rulebook they have the power to strike it down we've seen this not with the Supreme Court but lower courts with Donald Trump's travel ban and of course there's a whole bunch of Supreme Court cases you're probably supposed to know already for school where you learned in school I hope which is going to illustrate that idea so really important the today what do you need to know judicial review that's the power for the Supreme Court yeah okay all right we didn't go over like how long they serve in different ways you get elected and all that jazz so make sure you check out those other videos if you want to do the deep dive or you could just read pick up a book because the more you know all right guys I'm done with you good dad I'll get out of here go do some homework or what it better go play a game about that all right guys I'm going to safe because I say at the end of every lecture I've ever done where attention goes energy flows and we'll see you guys next time that you press my buttons did I mention we have like 450 videos

Maurice Vega

26 Responses

  1. Dude what's all that bullshit of freedom for?
    I opened to learn of the branches.
    Your Monologue Warns Me That I May Hear Nothing But LIES.
    02:10 in the video.

  2. Hmmm, if didn't know this I would think that the president does what ever he wants to, like how President trump is doing.

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