Political System and Politics in Russia Documentary


Russian politics is laid out in a
framework where the country is led by the President along with the
Prime Minister and his ministers. The country is governed by the
Constitution of Russian Federation. Constitution of Russia A national referendum
brought the present Constitution which was adopted
on December 12, 1993. On December 25, 1993
the Constitution was officially published and
it came into force. Article 11 of the Constitution states
that the subjects of state power are: The President of the Russian Federation The Government of the Russian Federation The Federal Assembly (The Federation
Council and The State Duma) Courts of the Russian Federation President of Russia Russia elects her President through
direct suffrage by secret ballot. An individual can hold the position of the
President for two consecutive terms only. The President’s term lasts for six years. The Constitution of
Russian Federation appoints the President
as the head of state. He is responsible for setting all
domestic and foreign policies and will represent Russia at for
internal and international affairs. The President is also
responsible to protect the rights and freedom of
the Russian citizens. He is the “Supreme Commander-in-Chief of
the Armed Forces of Russian Federation” and can take all necessary measures to
protect the independence of Russia. The President also holds power
to dissolve the State Duma. Articles 82-93 of the Constitution
define the responsibilities, powers and limitations of the President
of Russian Federation in detail. If the President fails
to fulfil the duties towards the nation the
post shall be temporarily deputized to the Prime
Minister who will then become the Acting President of
the Russian Federation. A Prime Minister can also assume
the role provisionally when the President is undergoing health
problems such as a surgery etc. The President then resumes back
his duties once he if fit. Current President of Russia The most recent Presidential elections
took place on March 18, 2018. Vladimir Putin won the elections
retaining his position as the President of Russian Federation for
the second time consecutively. Vladimir Putin has also held the
office of President twice earlier from the year 2000 to 2008 when the
Presidential term was for four years. The Government of Russian Federation The executive power of
the Russian Federation is held by the
Government of Russia. The Prime Minister, Deputy
Prime Ministers and the Federal Ministers are the
members of the government. Some of the responsibilities of the
Russian government include drafting and implementation of the nation’s budget,
management of federal property, implementation of laws and public
order, implementation of foreign policy, implementation of a uniform
financial and monetary policy etc. Current Prime Minister
of Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev holds the office
of Prime Minister in Russia. He has been serving the Russian Federation
as the Prime Minister since 2012. He is considered as the second most popular
politician in Russia after Vladimir Putin. The Federal Assembly According to the Russian
Constitution the Federal Assembly is the national legislature
of the Russian Federation. It comprises of – The Federation
Council known as the Upper House and The State Duma which is
referred to as the Lower House. The Federation Council or Upper House The office of the Federation
Council is situated in Moscow. The Chairman of the Federation
Council is the next most important person
after the Prime Minister. Valentina Matviyenko holds
the position as the Chairman of Federation
Council currently. In situations where both the President
and Prime Minister fail to do their jobs he/she becomes the Acting
President of Russian President. The main duties of the council
comprise of impeachment of the President, appointing all the
judges of Russian High Courts, approving the decree of
President on introduction of Emergency in the State or
introduction of Martial Law, giving decisions on possible
use of Russian Armed Forces beyond the Russian
boundaries, appointing or discharging the Deputy
Chairman and half the auditors of the all
Accounting Chamber etc. The State Duma or Lower House The State Duma office is
also located in Moscow. The members of the State
Duma are known as deputies and are led by the Chairman
of the State Duma. The current Chairman of the State
Duma is Vyacheslav Volodin. Some duties of the State
Duma include appointing or discharging the
Commissioner of Human Rights, appointing or discharging the Chairman
and half the auditors of Accounting Chamber, consents on the appointment
of Chairman of the Government, advances charges against the
President for his impeachment, decides the problems of confidence
in the current government etc. Courts of Russian Federation The Supreme Court of the Russian
Federation is the last court of resort within the Russian judiciary for civil,
administrative and criminal cases. The Supreme Court is also
responsible for administering the work of the lower courts operating
in the Russian Federation. The Russian President
appoints the judges of the Supreme Court and a judge
must be a Russian citizen. The Supreme Court comprises of
the Judicial Panel for Criminal Affairs, the Military Panel and the
Judicial Panel for Civil Affairs. Each panel is responsible
for the respective cases that fall in their
area of jurisdiction. The Russian Supreme court has the power to
hear a case from the beginning (original jurisdiction) and change the decisions of
the lower courts (appellate jurisdiction). The Supreme Court holds the power to
terminate political parties and Russian NGO’s, it can challenge the actions of
Central Electoral Commission of Russia while the Presidential Elections are being
structured, it can also challenge the legislation of government
agencies, criminal charges pressed against
the federal judges, State Duma and Russian Federation Council
are also heard by the Supreme Court etc. After an emergent opposition
movement the media is under strict observation of
the Russian authorities. The current President has
embraced a vociferous nationalist path and requested
his people to the same. Vladimir Putin is a powerful leader who has
fished Russia out of the dangerous waters of economic and political crisis which had
been hovering the nation since the 1990’s.

Maurice Vega

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