Political Marxism | Wikipedia audio article


Political Marxism (PM) is a strand of Marxist
theory that places history at the centre of its analysis. PM was developed as a reaction against ahistorical
models of Marxist analysis in the debate on the origins of capitalism. The PM critique brought social agency and
class conflict to the center of Marxism. In this context, Robert Brenner and Ellen
Wood founded PM as a distinct approach to rehistoricise and repoliticise the Marxist
project. It was a movement away from structuralist
and timeless accounts towards historical specificity as contested process and lived praxis. This research programme has since expanded
across the social sciences to include the fields of history, political theory, political
economy, sociology, international relations and international political economy.The term
Political Marxism itself was coined during the Brenner Debate of the late 1970s as a
criticism of the work of Brenner by the French Marxist historian Guy Bois. Bois distinguished Brenner’s ‘political Marxism’
from ‘economic Marxism’. As such, the label ‘Political Marxism’ has
not always been accepted by the scholars to whom it has been applied.Researchers linked
with PM today include Benno Teschke, Hannes Lacher and George Comninel.==References====Further reading==
By Robert Brenner:(1976) ‘Agrarian Class Structures and Economic Development in Pre-Industrial
Europe’. Past & Present, 70, (February 1976), pp. 30-75. (1977) ‘The Origins of Capitalist Development:
A Critique of Neo-Smithian Marxism’. New Left Review, I/104. pp. 25-92. (1995 [1982]) ‘The Agrarian Roots of European
Capitalism’ in Aston, T.H. and C.H.E. Philpin (eds.) The Brenner Debate: Agrarian Class Structure
and Economic Development in Pre-Industrial Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 213-327. Originally published (1982). ’The Agrarian Roots of European Capitalism’,
Past & Present, 97, November, pp. 16-113.By Ellen Meiksins Wood:(1991) The Pristine Culture
of Capitalism: An Historical Essay on Old Regimes and Modern States. London and New York: Verso. (1995) Democracy Against Capitalism: Renewing
Historical Materialism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (2002 [1999]) The Origin of Capitalism: A
Longer View. London and New York: Verso. (2008) Citizens to Lords. A Social History of Western Political Thought
From Antiquity to the Middle Ages. London and New York: Verso.==External links==
Political Marxism and the Social Sciences, a platform for research on political marxism
at the University of Sussex The Limits of ‘Political Marxism’. By Alex Callinicos. New Left Review I/184, November-December 1990.

Maurice Vega

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