Playing the Victim | Historical Revisionism and Japan


If I asked you to name as many movies and
video games as you can where Nazis are the bad guys, you could probably come up with
at least a dozen before you even had to take a breath. But if I were to ask you to do the same for
Japan, you’d probably struggle. Aside from the greatest movie ever made and
maybe one of the Call of Duties, they really aren’t portrayed as evil in our popular
media. There actually is one Call of Duty, but if
you’re not a die hard fan I bet you can’t even name it. This is despite the fact that they killed
just as many people as the Nazis during World War 2. Why is that? As with most stories about World War 2, we
need to go back several decades to get the full picture. We’re going to start the clock in 1868 with
the Meiji Restoration, when the Emperor of Japan became the supreme leader of the government. Before that, it flip-flopped between the Shogun
and the Emperor – who am I kidding, we’ve all seen bill wurtz’s video, and if you
haven’t you should, because I’m going to reference it several times. In 1890 the Meiji Constitution was adopted,
which set up a western-style government, with a parliament, a prime minister, and a monarch
– very similar to what Great Britain has today. For several decades prior to this, Japan was
a closed-off, isolated country. But now they wanted to burst onto the world
stage, quite literally with a bang. China had always been the dominant power in
Asia and since Japan borrowed so much of their language and culture from China, they kind
of felt like a little brother. China is to Japan what Great Britain was to
the United States. And like a younger brother, when they matured
a bit, they decided to test their strength against the elder, which resulted in the First
Sino-Japanese war in 1894. To sum it up into a single sentence, this
war was over who would control Korea and Japan won. They had beaten their older brother in their
first real fight. However, Japan also captured the Liaodong
Peninsula, just north of Korea. It previously belonged to China, who was leasing
Port Arthur to Russia. Now that the Japanese controlled it, they
offered to extend the lease with Russia if Russia recognized Korea as belonging to Japan. Russia refused, wanting to exert its own influence
on Korea. So in 1904, the Russo-Japanese War started
when Japan surprise attacked the Russian navy in Port Arthur. This is apparently a recurring strategy for
Japan. Long story short, Japan won, which was a pretty
big deal. This was the first time an Asian power had
defeated a European power since the Mongols. Ten years later, World War 1 began and I’m
not entirely sure it should be called a World War since it was almost entirely fought in
Europe. German-held territories in the Pacific, of
which there were many, all fell to the Allied forces in the first six months or so. The rest of the war would go on for another
four years. Japan was one of those Allied forces, having
captured several islands and ports from the Germans. So when it came time to negotiate the Treaty
of Versailles, they got to sit at the table with everyone else. Can you ever find him? There he is. Yeah, Japan didn’t take too kindly to being
relegated to the end of the table and basically forgotten, because, you know – Japan is
all about the respect. They had just beaten China, and Russia, and
now Germany. They felt like they should be treated with
the same respect as all of the other world powers. And much like a younger brother with a chip
on their shoulder, when they felt disrespected by their allies, they stomped off to their
room and plotted their revenge. Japan’s role in World War 1 was fairly minimal. There was some action in the first few months,
but then they mostly played a support role. Their manufacturing and military industries
took off during the war, because they were one of the only allied nations not digging
trenches in their backyard. So the economy was booming and the population
soared. But then the war ended and people stopped
buying Japanese goods… and then the Great Depression hit, and people stopped buying
Japanese goods even harder? Japan had convinced itself that it was the
target of a global conspiracy to crash its economy. Things were going great during the war and
now that the world was at peace, things were making a turn for the worst – which is the
opposite of what you’d expect. So nationalism began to take hold, much like
it did in European countries at the time. Why is the economy bad? Because of terrible trade deals, a global
conspiracy against us, and a lack of the respect that we deserve. This should sound familiar, but draw whatever
parallels you like. Japanese schools began pushing conformity,
obedience, and ultra patriotism. Many school teachers were former soldiers
and ran their classrooms like boot camp. There were even a few teachers who killed
themselves out of shame for messing up words to patriotic songs. Again, draw whatever parallels you like. But perhaps worst of all, was the indoctrination
of the idea of Japanese racial superiority. The Nazis recognized the Japanese as the Asian
master race – which is why they entered into an alliance with them. The Japanese still saw the Chinese as somewhat
of an older brother, but Koreans… were the red-headed stepchild. Now Japan had a new problem. In order to feed their expanding population,
they would need more land and I wish this was a joke… but they actually called it
manifest destiny and invaded China in 1931. Except it wasn’t actually China, it was
Manchuria, which was kinda sorta part of China… kinda… Maybe I can help? Please. You’re right, Most carefully worded historical
resources will call the Japanese offensive between 1931 and 1932 the “Invasion of Manchuria”
not the “Invasion of China” because “China” was not one unified political entity at the
time. With the collapse of the Qing dynasty in 1912
the country had split into numerous states ruled by warlords called cliques, who fought
both with and against each other in shifting alliances. The Republican Kuomintang under Chiang Kai
Shek and the Socialist Chinese Communist Party united to fight the warlords but soon started
fighting each other beginning the Chinese Civil War. The Fengtian clique ruled most of the area
we call Manchuria and it was this state the Japanese invaded in 1931 because of the vast
economic and military ties they had in the region. The “Invasion of China” is a name reserved
for the offensive in 1937 because it was the first time Japan had invaded territory actually
controlled by the Republic of China politically. However both invasions were done under fabricated
incidents of Chinese aggression such as the Mukden incident and the Marco Polo bridge
incident respectfully, betraying Japanese obvious military interest in crushing Chinese
rule in the area. If you’d like to learn more, check out my
history of China series over at the Suibhne channel when you’re done here
As he said, in 1937, the Marco Polo Bridge Incident occurred, which was the beginning
of the Second Sino-Japanese War. And depending on who you ask, the beginning
of World War 2. There are obviously dozens, if not hundreds,
of battles to talk about here – but battle history isn’t really my thing, so let’s
just focus on two. The Battle of Shanghai started in August 1937. While Japan still viewed China as an elder
civilization and held them in somewhat high regard, they expected Shanghai to fall quickly. China was broken and fighting amongst itself
– Japan was clearly superior, at least in their minds. But it didn’t, the Chinese held out for
three months until November 1937 when they retreated to Nanking. The Japanese pursued them for all 200 miles
absolutely obliterating anyone or anything along the way. The city of Suzhou, which is on the road between
Shanghai and Nanking, went from 350,000 people to just 500. Single cities in China suffered as many casualties
as entire countries in Europe. If you remember Bill Wurtz’s video, here’s
where he talks about the Japanese advance. And Japan invaded more and more and more and
more of China and was planning to invade the entire East. Did you catch it? I bet you didn’t, because you probably had
annotations turned off. Here it is again, with them turned on. And Japan invaded more and more and more and
more of China. And they did some rapes. What a wonderfully lighthearted way to put
that. And as an annotation, which means it wasn’t
much more than an afterthought. So let’s talk about Nanking, which was the
capital of China at the time. Chiang Kai-shek pulled the government and
air force out of the city and ordered the skeleton crew of troops to hold Nanking at
all cost. It was pretty clear to the soldiers that he
had left them for dead. But being the capital of China, it was still
a fairly important political prize for Japan, so the Emperor appointed his uncle, Prince
Asaka, to lead the charge. This becomes incredibly important later. The siege and battle for Nanking lasted four
days in the beginning of December 1937 – remember, Shanghai lasted 3 months. The Chinese soldiers in the city either ran,
surrendered, or tore off their military uniforms and looted stores, homes, and sometimes random
people on the street in order to steal their clothes and hide among the civilian population. The Japanese who entered the city had a completely
different mindset. They felt humiliated after Shanghai and were
looking for revenge. At the same time, they were absolutely disgusted
by the soldiers who were surrendering. One of the main tenets of the Japanese warrior
code, or Bushido, is death before dishonor. There is nothing more shameful than surrendering. Among Western military powers, there was 1
surrender for every 3 dead. Among the Japanese, there was one surrender
for every 120 dead, they just didn’t do it. This was compounded by the fact that the Chinese
outnumbered the Japanese 7 to 2. Journals from Japanese soldiers at the time
wondered why are they surrendering? Even unarmed they could overpower us. The Chinese were cowards in the eyes of the
Japanese and the only explanation they could come up with was that they were subhuman. Once they took the city, things only got worse. Prince Asaka, or one of his subordinates,
issued a “kill all captives” order. The stated reason was to preserve food. Where have we heard that one before? All 90,000 Chinese soldiers, now prisoners
of war, were killed. Every military aged male in the city was killed. In fact, almost everybody in the city was
killed. If I asked you to list one hundred ways to
kill a person, you still wouldn’t come close to what the Japanese did. Prisoners were used for bayonet and machine
gun practice. Officers ordered new recruits to kill unarmed
prisoners in order to break them in and desensitize them to war. Those are just the nice ways, I hope you’re
not eating right now, because it’s about to get a whole lot worse. Chinese were lined up in rows and beheaded. They even made contests out of it, where officers
would compete to see who could behead 100 Chinese the fastest. These contests were reported in Japanese newspapers
in the same way you’d read about a baseball game. After they were beheaded, the row behind them
would push them into the mass grave that they dug themselves… and then they were beheaded
and pushed in by the row behind them. And that’s if you were lucky. There are cases of the Chinese being forced
to bury their own countrymen up to the neck alive, and then being buried up to the neck
alive themselves. Bodies were used to fill in trenches so that
tanks could drive across. People were forced to drink kerosene and then
shot so they exploded. People were forced to walk out on the ice. Babies were impaled on bayonets or thrown
into boiling pots of water. Yes, that is a real picture, you wouldn’t
have believed me otherwise – it’s blurred for obvious reasons though. Basically every way you could possibly think
of to kill a person and then some. At least 200,000 people were killed, which
was half of the population of Nanking at the time. This is why the event is known as the Nanking
Massacre. But it’s also known, perhaps more appropriately,
as the Rape of Nanking. Do you have any notion of what happens when
a city is sacked? The Japanese raped every woman they could
find. I hope you have a strong stomach, because
between 20,000 to 80,000 women were raped. Why does that number have such a large range? Because after women were raped by anywhere
from 15 to 20 soldiers each, they were killed and then their bodies were left in the street
with bayonets stuck in them. Again, blurred for obvious reasons, I’m
not making this up. Why were they killed? Well, rape was explicitly forbidden in the
Japanese military, but dead women tell no tales. Asian cultures value female chastity and purity,
so many surviving women never spoke about it or just killed themselves out of shame. To this day, no woman will admit that their
child may have been born to a Japanese soldier and infanticide was rampant during the occupation. And if you think that’s the worst of it,
you’re still wrong. At gun point, Chinese fathers were forced
on their own daughters, sons on their mothers, basically every combination that you’ve
all looked up on pornhub. I’m so done trying to understand millennials. There were rape contests as well, but honestly,
even I have my limits, so we’re done talking about this. You might be thinking: How have I never heard
about this, this must have been carried out in secret or something. No, this was front page news at the time. There were a number of foreigners in the city,
including reporters, businessmen, and ambassadors – it was the capital of China after all. These foreigners established the Nanking Safety
Zone, a two and a half square mile area reserved for civilians that was supposed to be safe
from the Japanese military. Many former Chinese soldiers hid in the zone
and were subsequently captured, so the military justified regularly raiding the zone. It eventually sheltered 250,000 refugees and
was maintained by two dozen foreign nationals led by John Rabe. The official Nazi Party representative in
Nanking. Nazi Germany was allied with Japan, so he
had every reason to portray Japan in a positive light. But he didn’t. His letters and journals from the time tell
the gruesome story of how thousands of women were raped and thousands more were murdered. Last night up to 1,000 women and girls are
said to have been raped… You hear nothing but rape. If husbands or brothers intervene, they’re
shot. What you hear and see on all sides is the
brutality and bestiality of the Japanese soldiers. (Dec 17, 1937)
He would walk the streets and night and stop rapes in progress – like a Nazi Batman…
but his only superpower was his swastika armband. The idea of a “good guy Nazi” is just
so weird that you couldn’t make it up if you tried. Upon his return to Germany, the Gestapo ordered
him to never speak of Nanking again. He is celebrated as the Oskar Schindler of
Nanking and there are multiple memorials to him in the city today. This lasted for six weeks. Reporters were barred entry to the city the
entire time, and it didn’t take long for foreign governments to figure out why. Then the stories started coming out. There are very few media depictions of this
incident, but this one, called Flowers of War, came out in 2011 and starred Christian
Bale. They definitely put some coin into this one
so it’s worth giving a watch. Had I not read about this event prior to seeing
the movie, I would have thought it was an exaggeration. They even go through the effort to recreate
several of the iconic photographs of the massacre, including this one, which we saw earlier. To Wurtz’s credit, he does mention the Rape
of Nanking in his “history of the entire world.” Japan is finally conquering the East and they’re
so excited they rape Nanking way too hard. They should probably just deny it. We’ll get to the denial later, but this
event, combined with the “accidental” sinking of the USS Panay in Nanking during
the evacuation turned US opinion against Japan. But the final straw was when Japan invaded
Indochina in 1940. The United States decided to cease all shipments
of oil and other goods to Japan as well as ban them from using the Panama Canal. Japan’s response to this was… But then Japan spits on them in Hawaii and
challenges them to war. And they say yes. An event he leaves out of his history of the
entire world, despite how important it is – and despite the fact that it wasn’t
just Pearl Harbor. They attacked dozens of islands in the Pacific
all on the same day in order to secure their own sources of oil. I made a video about this. Pearl Harbor was where the US Pacific Fleet
was based, so it’s the one that got the most press. The attack was designed to stall US response
long enough for Japan to fortify its other positions. Which worked actually… for a little while. I’m not going to get into the specific battles
of the war, but I do want to talk about the prisoners of war. As I said before, the Japanese rarely, if
ever, surrendered – but for western militaries, surrender is a perfectly acceptable option. At the beginning of this video, if you were
able to name any movies about Japan in World War 2, one of them was probably the 1957 movie
Bridge on the River Kwai, starring Obi-wan Kenobi, and maybe you knew about the 2014
movie Unbroken. Both of these movies are about the hells on
Earth that were Japanese POW camps. Of American POWs in Nazi Germany, one out
of every 25 prisoners died in a camp. Of American POWs in Japanese camps? One in three. They surrendered, in the eyes of the Japanese,
they were dishonorable cowards and they are enemies of Japan. You will be treated accordingly. The infamous Bataan Death March in 1942 was
the forced relocation of 60,000 to 80,000 American and Filipino POWs over 70 miles. It’s often referred as the POW Trail of
Tears, which is an apt comparison because just as many people died. In an act of perpetual defiance, the march
is repeated annually at White Sands Missile Range in New Mexico. So let’s end the war. Bonus Round, United States versus Japan, fight. Finish him. I don’t want to get into whether or not
it was right to use the bombs. But I will say that destroying cities wasn’t
all that new. We’d been firebombing cities for a while
at that point, this was Tokyo – again, I made a video about this. So if I were to tell you that this was done
by a single bomb, you’d probably think I was lying. And rightly so, because that one’s actually
Tokyo, the first one was Hiroshima. The point is that you couldn’t tell the
difference. So when we told Japan “we are in possession
of the most destructive explosive ever devised by man” their response was: “Yeah, sure
you are buddy.” Because we had been levelling cities for some
time. So we dropped a second one and forced an unconditional
surrender without having to invade mainland Japan. The United States installed a new government,
inspired by the United States government. Whoa wait. And they did some rapes? Rapes did occur in occupied Japan. But to use the same “whoops, and they did
some rapes” tone to suggest that it was anywhere near the same scale as Nanking is
just intellectually dishonest. It was measured in the hundreds, not the tens
of thousands. This, along with playing up the horrors of
the atomic bomb, helps paint a sympathetic picture of Japan as a victim of the war rather
than an aggressor. Along with a few other subtle narrative changes. Like that the war was to free Asia from western
imperialism, not world domination. And Pearl Harbor was just a reaction to being
backed into a corner, not an aggressive land grab. Those really are the versions of history being
taught in Japan today. And that’s only recently, for decades after
the war, Japanese schools didn’t even teach that Japan and the US were at war – or who
won. But there’s something else I want to say
about that segment. The United States installed a new government,
inspired by the United States government. No we didn’t. Firstly, it’s much more inspired by the
constitutional monarchy that Great Britain has, but secondly, there’s very little new
about it – all of the positions are the same. The Emperor is still the Emperor, the parliament
still exists, even the Prime Minister – the current-day Prime Minister is the 63rd Prime
Minister. We’ve only had 45 presidents. The position goes all the way back to the
Meiji Restoration. And while all of the positions remained the
same, so did many of the faces. The 56th Prime Minister of Japan was previously
being held as a Class A war criminal. To put that into perspective, there is nothing
higher than Class A – if Hitler were captured alive, he would have been a Class A war criminal. This is why Nazis are always the bad guys
in our World War 2 media and not Japan. Nazis don’t exist anymore… or at least
they’re not in charge anymore. There is a clear disconnect between Nazi Germany
and present-day Germany. But if you make Imperial Japan the bad guys,
you are by extension making current-day Japan the bad guys. Everything about the government, and most
people in it, were the same. Many Class B and C war criminals, including
the lower level officers and soldiers, were tried by the Nanking War Crimes Tribunal. Many of the foreign nationals who administered
the Nanking Safety Zone testified against them. The two lieutenants who participated in that
100 beheadings contest were tried there and their defense was… and I wish I was joking
here… “It was only like, 70 people.” Weirdly that didn’t work and they were found
guilty and executed. One of the lower level generals was also tried,
but blamed the massacre on Koreans… Which also didn’t work and he was executed. But most of the Class A war criminals were
tried in Tokyo by the International Military Tribunal for the Far East. Or IMTFE for short. While the IMTFE found that the Nanking massacre
was “secretly ordered or willfully committed” – they weren’t allowed to prosecute the
top commander, who, if you remember, was Prince Asaka. The entire Imperial family was given immunity
from prosecution by Douglas MacArthur. This infuriated the Chinese, but at least
they could go after the other high-level officials… Until 1949, when Mao seized control of mainland
China and the Bamboo Curtain fell on Asia… is that racist? It feels racist. Then the Korean War happened and the West
needed a non-communist ally in Asia, so the IMTFE just… sort of stopped. This was when the future Prime Minister was
let off the hook and was allowed to continue being a politician. As long as he was pro-American. While present-day Germany paid war reparations,
Japan never really had to, and since the chief culprits of the Rape of Nanking never stood
trial, Sino-Japanese relations were sour for decades. Eventually the government of both Communist
China and the Republic of China “forgave” Japan in order to open up trade relations,
which infuriated Chinese citizens. Japan has never formally apologized for any
of its war crimes. The United States helped with that cover-up
narrative. How do you convince millions of citizens that
the people they just fought a few years ago are now our friends? Mostly by repeatedly apologizing for and playing
up the horrors the atomic bombs. Because you know, two wrongs make a right. They cancel each other out. If you look at history, we have bombed the
masculinity out of an entire continent. We dropped two atomic bombs on f***ing Japan
and they’ve been drawing Hello Kitty and s*** ever since. As funny as that is, he’s also not wrong. Hello Kitty, Keroppi, more recently Gudetama
were all created by Sanrio to play into the victimization and pacification of Japan. They are all designed to look vulnerable. All of these characters are so cute and defenseless
and you just wanna hug them and protect them, oh m- It’s also known as Kawaii culture
and really grew during the 70s and 80s but continues today. Until the cold war ended and the stories came
out. Japanese soldiers who no longer feared prosecution
talked openly about what they did. Books were published, like Iris Chang’s
The Rape of Nanking, movies were made like Flowers of War and Unbroken. And still Japan, officially anyway, denies
their part in the tragedy. Saying it was all just Soviet and Chinese
propaganda – which is kind of true by the way, even some blaming the United States for
it, which… Saying that it was only 3000 people who were
killed – even though there are single mass graves with more bodies than that. Or that it was Chinese looters or that all
the women who were raped were actually paid prostitutes or “comfort women” – which
is the same reason Japanese-Korean relations are still on the rocks. The Japanese government thinks that apologizing
for the sins of the past would be an insult to veterans – those responsible have already
been prosecuted, how many times must they apologize? Once would be nice, you know, for starters. Having any sort of academic or political discussion
on Japanese war crimes in Japan usually results in career suicide. And more often than not, death threats. Whenever a Japanese politician makes the mistake
of apologizing in a personal capacity, not an official one. They either retract it shortly afterwards
or are voted out. The current Prime Minister of Japan, Shinzo
Abe made that mistake in 2006. And now repeatedly claims that comfort women
were not forced into sexual slavery but were private entrepreneurs. On a visit to the Yakusuni Shrine, which memorializes
over a thousand convicted war criminals, fourteen of which are Class A, he said:
“The men convicted by the Allied tribunals are not war criminals under the laws of Japan.” Japanese denial of their war crimes, and especially
Nanking, is akin to denying that the Holocaust happened. The most successful historical revisions are
those that only tell one side – but in recent years, we’ve finally started to hear the
other sides of this story and it’s important to listen. The saying goes “those who do not learn
from their history are doomed to repeat it.” You no longer have the luxury of saying you
did not learn, because now, you know better. I promised I’d make this video almost two
years ago, and here it is… finally. Big thanks to Suibhne for helping me with
this video, make sure to check out his channel and videos on China. I’d also like to thank my legendary patrons
Eric and Hamzah. If you’d also like me to butcher the pronunciation
of your name or at least have your name up on screen, head over to patreon.com/knowingbetter. In the mean time don’t forget to… uh…
no, nope, not saying that. We’re going generic on this one, click that
subscribe button. Also follow me on twitter and facebook and
join us on the subreddit.

Maurice Vega

100 Responses

  1. Kawaii Culture is not an effort by Japan to erase its history. It was born out of a desire to demilitarize and pacify the culture. It is okay to still like anime.

    Big thanks to Suibhne for working with me on this video, check out his series on China here: https://youtu.be/YP1qjTzxQNE

  2. Makes sense why The Egyptian want talk about the Jews, Israelites, Hebrews in the History too big an embarrassment. Don’t they have a reputations of erased history

  3. Do you know what is worse? Japanese actually teach their youth that all this is a lie and Japan is a victim of Nuclear bombs.

  4. Every person on this planet is equal. Japanese will never agree with the racial caste of USA/UK and the Sinocentric logic of Chinese that defines it's OK to massacre Japanese civilians, no human rights of Japanese, treating Japanese as animals. Amazing that USA/UK utterly disregards the massacre towards Japanese civilians by patriotic Chinese while they rant about Nanking so loud, massacre of Japanese civilians such as 通州事件 Tongzhou Massacre, 通化事件 Tonghua incident. Japanese must prepare to fight against USA/UK that never treats Japanese as humans. USA/UK/China does never has any sense of democracy, humanity and human rights. I say FU.

  5. This sadistic prick loving to humiliate and torture Japanese civilians is not just a racist, he's also a psychopath loving massacre of Japanese as usual American, Canadian kind of inhumane people.

  6. I Love Manga And Anime, But I dont like Japanese..
    If Today Japanese Nation Destroy, Just let some Mangaka stay alive😤😌

  7. I studied in Japan for six months, and one of the classes I took happened to be one focused on religion and culture as it existed in Japan over time. Of course, the focus was on the more historical part of it (and how religion affects modern culture in forms of festivals, shrines etc.) but one of our assignments included visiting the Yasukuni Shrine, and in connection with that, the Yushukan Museum located on those grounds. Yasukuni Shrine is basically the "national shrine" of Japan, where soldiers who have fallen in battle are enshrined (not buried, more in a spiritual sense).

    And you might've already guessed, yes, including Class-A war criminals, as also mentioned in the video. This was based on a principle of the fact that the emperor had promised that they would be enshrined in Yasukuni, and was blamed as a force of principle, but as you might imagine, a lot of people don't really love this decision. To take the gloves off, it almost started serious conflicts between Japan and China, especially when the Prime Minister would go give flowers or even donations to Yasukuni Shrine, a place where people who were involved in the atrocities committed in China, as well as other criminals, were being held as essentially gods. They don't give any good reasons for why these criminals alone can't be removed and just leave back the rest of the people who were there, just "Oh it's bothersome and complicated we can't do that" or something similar.

    We basically had to discuss the issue, and to be honest, being at that site, I'm not sure that it's appropriate that the Prime Minister goes to visit such a place. Reading about the people (not just Abe, but also people in the past) who went to that shrine as political figures and hearing their justifications, it just feels terrible because of the way that they justify essentially making offerings at a shrine to these terrible criminals.

    However, what I really found interesting (not in a good way, mind you) is that when I visited the Yushukan museum, something occurred to me when I was looking through the plaques. I don't recall if they were in English or not but as I was perusing it, I had in the back of my head the stories that I'd read from Nanking as part of the assignment, and decided to search for the plaque for it. It basically took a big fat circle around the issue, barely even really mentioning anything else than like "oh yea we might've invaded that place probably lol" (it was also pretty small and hard to find, if that's any indicator) and didn't mention any numbers. This does make sense since the amount of disparity China and Japan shows in these numbers, however it's ignorant to try to claim that as anything else than a tragedy. What made it even more upsetting was the detailed displays about the atomic bombs, listing all of the casualties and really hammering in that tragedy vibe.

    I honestly had a terrible time there. I love Japan's culture, but ain't I never going to excuse this kind of bullshit. I think there is value in actually learning about this culture and becoming familiar with it, to maybe hope to strive for changes. Because this isn't the only issues that Japan has had, in their current society the royal family is basically falling apart because of their outdated rules about gender, Ainu, Chinese and Koreans in Japan are still treated like absolute garbo, not to mention the burakumin, a Japanese subset of people who are being viewed as lesser based almost entirely on the jobs that their families did in the Edo period (the other subset of this group being people who are handicapped and cannot function in society). Generally speaking, I think if you really care about another culture, you'd do well to not glorify it to some high pedestal. There's nothing that makes Japan perfect, just like many other countries, but I think it's particularly egregious to continue denying any kind of negative involvement in anything ever, and the Japanese people (and government, essentially) needs to come to terms with the atrocities that they have committed and own up to it.

  8. The Korean word that embodies the tension among generations building – and exploding – in the modern workplace.      BBC NEWS

    In the world of criticism toward millennials, there’s one group accused of being more self-entitled, self-righteous, and stubborn. They are called ‘kkondae’. In Korean, kkondae loosely translates as a “condescending older person”, the kind often found in a middle or upper management position in the workplace. Kkondaeis usually attributed to men, and almost always used as an insult, pointedly calling out supervisors who are quick to dole out unsolicited advice and even quicker to demand absolute obedience from their juniors.

    Almost every workplace has some kkondae. And, despite an almost universal hatred of stubborn seniors, the term kkondae is unlikely to retire anytime soon. Baby boomers the world over are living longer and retiring later, exacerbating an already uncomfortable dynamic between young and old in the workplace.

    Kkondae might conjure an image of one old man shaking his fist in consternation, sure. But to Korea’s young workforce, the generation gap feels like a chasm with an army of kkondae on the other side. Tension among generations is palpable as millennials start making up a significantly larger portion of the global workforce. As such, it is fitting to put a name to the phenomenon that is felt far wider than just South Korea.

  9. It feels like you made this whole video to criticize an intentionally comically truncated video for being too truncated and not taking things seriously enough. Really autistic.

  10. Basically I wonder it's very strage why Communist China blame and defame Japan with socalled faked and fabricated Nanking massacre . Because the story of  socalled fake and fabricated Nanking massacre was propagandised by Chinag Kai shek in the Sino -Japan War in Dec. 1937 and now Taiwan(the Republic of China) never blame and defame Japan . 

    Communist China have never fought with Japan's Imperila Army in the Sino-Japan War around 1937 and Communist Chinese escaped in mountais in the Chinese continent from Chinag Kai-shek.  Communist China has no relation at all with the Nanking battle in dec. 1937.

    Why does Communist Chinese  still blame and defame Japan with the propaganda of Chiang Kai-shek ?

  11. 2:23 Ok. I really don't want to start a argument but… how about Arabia? Egypt? Or even in the Pacific when Japan was taking islands they didn't want Germany having. I would mention the Dervish Movement but it start in 1899_1920 so not really WW1 but…

  12. I'm a German and I think the Holocaust/Shoa is the worst and most evil thing that people did in human history, there is nothing compareble to that. I think most Germans would agree on that, even though we also have big problems with revisionism.
    I did not know revisionism was even worse in Japan, I did just know they are a pacifistic country and thought they "learned their lesson". Sad to hear that is not the case and they did not work their history up (is "worked up" the right term? In Germany we call it "historische Aufarbeitung")

  13. Are you high? Pearl Habor by Michael Bay sucked royal dick. It's nothing but fabricated history situated with a rom comm. Ben Affleck is extremely unlikeable, Alec Baldwin is a corny-ass stereotype and the good actors in the cast (Cuba Gooding Jr.) barely got any screen time. The main characters aren't even directly connected to the people on the Arizona or Utah.

  14. Japan: Rapes cities murders civilians does human experimentation boils fucking babies alive uses POWs as bayonet practice commits some of the worst atrocities in human history
    United States: Drops nuclear bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
    Japan and everybody else: "How could the U.S. do something so horrible."

  15. The Confederates, Nazi Germans and Imperial Japanese are modern proof of the innate evil , corruption and depravity of humanity when their immoral socio /cultural impulses are given unrestrained expression.

    The Bible/New Testament makes clear that JESUS CHRIST IS THE ONLY AMSWER AND SAVIOR OF THE WORLDk

  16. After looking at the comment section when sorted by new, it amazes me how much ignorant one must be in order to deny their own histories. I don't deny the crimes my people have done against the Natives, the numerous immigrant groups, and the African slaves. I hope that there are Japanese people who understand what they did during WW2 was horrendous and terrible, but the government is like the Turks when it comes to the Armenian Genocide, denial.

    "Those who do not learn from history are doomed to repeat it." -George Santayana

  17. Every time when i see Mr. " Nazi are bad guys (suggesting that there was nazis exist in terms of ethnicity or nation rather ideology) and then saying Japanese (which suggest that they done these atrocities because they are Japanese rather of ideology)" from video "Playing the Victim | Historical Revisionism and Japan
    " i want to vomit. Listen mr. "knowing better", Germans & Japan or Nazis & Shōwas/Imperials/Tōjōs(ism) or just admit that you're discriminating japan and you're using special pleading to germany because "germany always good and they never done bad, because nazis did"

  18. USA stopped being little brother to England when we won our independence.Theyre so far in the rear view now we can't even see them

  19. 1) Is Japan now enemy of USA, Europe, Asian, African and Latin America ?

    2)Are Communist China and its sppendixes Korea(North & South) friendly nations to USA, Europe,Asia, Africa and Latin America ?

  20. Yeah…kinda like how Communism, and the USSR are supported by the media, while Hitler is (rightfully) shouted down…Stalin killed way more than Hitler, and Communism way more than Fascism.

  21. the video was great, but i want to point out a thing you overloocked in my opinion.
    both times (that i know of) you talked about the Atomic Bomb you showed those pictures of tokyo and hiroshima side to side, but the atomic bomb has some nasty secondary effects too, like radiation poisoning and so on. those things are very important to consider in my opinion, they are the reason why we didn't use nuclear bombs anymore since then, not the immediate destruction scale, i think you should have mentioned them at least. would be great to see a video just on the atomic bomb and it's effects 😉

  22. At this point Godzilla from GMK is the good guy for attacking Japan. For those who don’t know, in GMK he’s possessed by the souls of those who died in ww2 by the Japanese hand and are angry at Japan for ignoring their barbaric history

  23. The only people responsible for these crimes are the ones that
    carried them out,you are not to blame because of where you were born.

  24. I'm so glad that i decided to watch this video despite how uncomfortable the title sounded to me. I have a huge, huge love for asia and especially Japan. I knew about the rape of nanking before but we were not really taught how horrible the atrocities commited there were. This was a truly enlightening video to watch and although I am shaken up to know what I do now, my liking of the country is not. I have a very similar stance towards my own country as I do with Japan now. During the yugoslav war Bosnia(the country I live in) was not in the best position defencively or offensively. Most of the country did not have proper equipment and weapons to help during the war and other forces took territories pretty easily. After the war the victimization of Bosnia was contantly played up, at least where I'm at(that's not to say what the other forces did to us wasn't horrifying). But then I decided to watch a serbian documentary and there were people from Bosnia that turned to extreme jihad and would kill serbs or croats just because. After then I developed the viewpoint that no one is ever really 100% inoccent in anything, and that view has yet again been shown through your video. Thank you good sir, you made me think and have earned a subscriber

  25. Accepting ugly history hurts too many feeling.
    11K people don't like that you made them see uncomfortable things. Lol

  26. There’s a saying in Nanking that you cannot find even one in a hundred native Nanking who hasn’t had some relative murdered by a Japanese.

    Which should explain why they were furious. Imagine murdering someone’s whole family in the worst ways and denying it happened.

    Like, imagine Nazi still rules Germany and denying that holocaust happened, whilst claiming it was all Jewish propaganda, only 1000 died, and they were killed by the US not them.

  27. So glad that the randomly generated numbers and letters are all saying the same exact thing wow. Really makes you think.

  28. No doubt Japan was bad, but there's no doubt that the story is incomplete. The agreement made in 1945 excludes much of the perspective from Japan side, so as the saying goes the victors write history.

  29. This is entirely an propaganda created by Korean money.
    I do not understand why Koreans acts like victims.
    Korean detained 4000 Japanese fishermen from 1952 and 1965. They have not given any adequate foods and medication. They were the hostages for Korean to occupy Japanese territory by force and forced Japan to release Korean criminals from prisons.
    The Republic of Korea (ROK) allies with many criminals and had stolen many Japanese Buddhism statues and scrolls and refused to return them to legitimate owners.
    The ROK also set dynamites to blow up a hospital and trains to prevent North Korean return home in 1953. The ROK later awarded the 72 terrorists for the act of terror against Japan 2012.
    The ROK also kidnapped Kim Dae-Julian in 1973 and refused to had over the criminal agents.
    Koreans were perfectly protected by Japan during Japanese reign. This was actually expressed by many westerners including the President, Hoover.
    Koreans are living in a different fake timeline like this guy. And who has actually committed crimes were Korean.

  30. Fun fact Japan after the Doolittle raid committed murders and rapes on a scale similar to nanking, and the Japanese wonder why the rest of Asia doesn't like them. Although this also didn't happen and the rest of the world is making it all up. You can find memorial's all across the Chekiang and Kiangsi Provinces.

  31. Nanking was probably the cruelest act that humans have ever done to other humans it was so disgustingly cruel that people today still have extreme ptsd even though they more than 90

  32. Let's not forget, though, that it's the governments of countries that are the main issue, not the average citizen. So, while the revisionism is terrible, it's not the normal peeps doing all the revisionism. They're just the vehicle by which the revisionism is propagated.

  33. The Japanese government has no courage to teach history. Japanese people do not have the courage to learn the dark side of their history. The Fukushima Situation is clear. The Japanese government has no courage to announce the reality of radioactivity and the Japanese have no courage to face. Japan is a coward country.

  34. Compared to Japan, Germany is a wise and courageous country. They cut off Nazis. And became a European leader. Japan? He became an old man of dementia in Northeast Asia.

  35. 1)       The Japanese Sunrising Flag was kept using since 1879 in Japan even in Sino-Japan war in 1894 and in the Russo-Japan war in 1904.  The Korean don't know the history at all and propagandise as if they were idiots.

    2) Even Communist China, USA and all European nations never blame Japan's Sun Rising flag at all. Only the Korean blame Japan's Sun Rising flag only after 2012.

    3) South Korea's anti-Rising Sun flag campaigns became active in 2013.They were triggered by two Japan–South Korea football matches in January 2011 and August 2012. In both events, South Korea's accusation against the Rising Sun flag was aimed at deflecting blames from its own wrongdoings (a racist slur against Japanese people for the former and an on-field display of a politically charged sign for the latter).The new phrase "war criminal flag" (전범기) was coined in August 2012.

  36. Events like the Nanjing Massacre are textbook examples of the absolute depravity and cruelty of humans. It's hard to believe humans can be so evil and sick. It seems our "intelligence" comes with a burden of extreme cruelty. Makes me disgusted to be a human sometimes…

  37. Thank you very much.
    Many Westerners stand on the side of Japan and hurt many Asian countries, but you tell the truth.

  38. Westerners should know that Japan has done more than the Nazis. The Nazis just killed the people, but the Japanese suffered until they died.At least the Nazis apologized. Japan, however, still distorts history and hurts the victims.
    Even the victims are still alive.

  39. never did like the japaness , making be two faced into a viture , being somebody's best mate for years just waiting for the chance to f**k them at the most worst moment ,vile sick people makes me think about the RATS OF NIHM exepriments about how over-crowding would turn mice and rats into murderous super violent creatures unable to chnge thier violent behavior even when there was no need to be ,E.G all the reasons to be violent food water shelter where available but they just cound'nt stop being super agressive towards each other the birth rate plumented babies died at birth at the colony died out , a warning to japan from ma green , shitting people go extinte

  40. let's be fair, victims of war are the civilians, across the world. the agressors are the people in power. calling the whole nation an aggressor is intellectually dishonest

  41. Your wrong. World war 1 was a world war. In every continent, at least 1 country who controlled land there was in the war. Also troops kept fighting in Cameroon until early 1916, and in tanzania until 1917, and even in Papua New Guinea until 1918

  42. Yep . . . humans have a strange way of looking at history . . . I heard about these atrocities when I was a teen – I had a bout of wanting to know more about war and dug up some very interesting and enlightening resources at the local library (yes, I really am that old) . . .

  43. アメリカ人は頭悪くて自分のした事は忘れるのね!
    広島や長崎でたった2回の攻撃で24万人を殺戮した、多くは民間人でその中でも多くは女性、年寄り、子供!
    よくもまあ、大量の無差別殺戮を正当化できもんだな。

  44. Thank you for covering the history :). But, my conservative feedback is that historically most of the previous dynasties in Korean peninsula were independent countries, not controlled by any other countries, and cultural and political influencers on Japan (like one of dynasties of Korea created Katakana and Japanese pottery culture was developed by Korean artisans/potters kinapped during Chosen dynasty). The dynasty right before the current Korea was a big brother relationship with China due to losing a war but it is not equal to being controlled by China as Korea still has a separate government/kings unlike Japanese colonization. But it does not mean China and Japan had the same relationship as Korea has been successfully refused/stoped Japan to attack China except those cases which you already know/covered in the video. So no major war between China and Japan until those cases in the video to decide which one is a big brother. Secondly, you focused more on how China was a victim of WW2 and not covered what Korea has suffered for almost 40 years and other asian countries – eliminating the languages, the estimated 700 k forced labours, and the estimated 200 k comfort women, Unit 731 and so on. Asian countries which has been attacked by Japan during WW2 sometimes insisted that they have been victims as well and Korea should let the past go. But, even now China has been compensated by war supporting companies, Korea is involveing into a trade war caused by Japan due to the same issue. Not trying to belittle what other countries have suffered, but Korea has been exploited for almost 40 years. The intensities and length of atrocities are different. Overall, it seemed you embrace the Chinese perceptive of the history, claiming that Korea were controlled by China, which is not equal to being a big brother relationship which happened only few times in history but still had a separate government unlike Japanese colonization – controlled (x) -> it is more of becoming a big brother relationship due to losing wars and insisting China was a big brother of Japan and focus more on what China had suffered by Japan, not covering what Korea and other asian countires.

  45. Bill Wurt's history of the world video is supposed to be snappy and entertaining, and not too long. He really couldn't go into detail about relatively small events. (I'm not trying to downplay the rape of Nanking or the attack on pearl harbor, but relative to the history of the entire world, they're pretty small).

  46. All the Korean (  South and North Korean presidents, Korean politicians, Korean all medias, Korean  fake many schloars , historians and teachers , Koreans abroad and in the Korean península and former Korean camp followers in the WW2 & Korean War) must stop tell lies and propagandise more  with fake and fabricated fraud in the world. 

     On Sept.19 lecture by Lew Seok-choon released by a local media outlet Pressian, a sociology professor at the Department of Sociology of the Yonsei University, he described Korean victims of sexual slavery as "kind of prostitutes," adding that Japan did not directly force them into military brothels.

    The professor made remarks as below.

     "They lived a life of hostess and that's how they started it. It's pretty much the same now. It is not like how it was done in the old times. If you are curious, you can try,"

     Lew added that comfort women's testimonies were all lies and that a North Korea-related organization taught them to say these things.

     Lew's remarks were made while he was referring to a book titled "Anti-Japan Tribalism" written by Lee Young-hoon, a professor emeritus at Seoul National University, the main idea of which is Korea's modernization owes some things to Japanese colonization.
    Lew said he agreed with Lee's argument that everything about wartime forced slavery and comfort women were made-up stories.

     "I don't understand why Koreans cause so many problems by expanding and reproducing false stories. We have to stop acting like victims," the local media said.

  47. The famous Rain Flower Terrace(Yuhuatai(雨花台)Martyr's Cemetery in Nanking :

    Everyone can go to Nanking and can see the famous monument in Nanking  founded by Mao Zetong . The original story of socalle Nanking massacre was the atorocity of Communist Hans by Chiang Kai-shek's soldiers  in 1930s for several years till 1949 in Nanking. It was never the massacre by Japan's Imperila Army at all. It's why even Mao Zetong and  Han other leaders  at that time have  never mentioned  even one time about the socalled fake and fabricated Nanking massacre of Japan's Imperla Army while they were alive till around 1976.  Does present Communist China's leaders  insist Mazo Zetong and other Han Communist leaders were  big LIARs and so stpid  not to mention about sacalled Naking massacre by Japan's Imperila Army ? Communist China must stop scattering lies and fake fabricated fiction od socalled Nanking massacre of Japan  in the world !  Otherwise Communist China will lose their  faces and will be admitted as eternal sneaky liars in human history !

    Mao Zetong said and wrote on the monument 300 thousands Communist Chinese were massacred by KMT( Chiang Kai shek's army)  —  in Chinese laguage 国民党政府在雨花台曽経屠殺了三十万共産党烈士 –)

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