India Lok Sabha election 2019: How the world's largest democracy votes

India a subcontinent rich in culture history contrast and diversity nearly two dozen official languages six main religions and a lot of people 1.3 billion more than 17 percent of the world's population all living on 1/3 the area of the United States and every five years India puts on what is often described as the greatest show on earth no it's not a Bollywood movie its India's general election in the upcoming 2019 election nearly 900 million Indians 18 years and older will be eligible to vote that's more ballots cast in the last seven US presidential elections combined in India's 2014 election there were more than 8,000 candidates from over 450 political parties vying for only 543 seats in the lower house of parliament this is known as the Lok Sabha or the house of the people an additional two seats are nominated by the president from the Anglo Indian community or those of mixed Indian and European descent when you break down the numbers it means on average each MP represents 1.5 million voters compare that to the much smaller population in the UK which has 650 seats in parliament meaning each MP represents about 72,000 registered voters we'll be using this map which shows where voting takes place in India's 29 states and 7 union territories the constituencies are based on how populated the region is the bigger the state the more seats it has for example Wouter Pradesh India's most populated state with two hundred and twenty eight point nine million people has eighty constituencies in fact yupi has an even higher population than all of Brazil India's federal electoral model follows a first-past-the-post system in whichever party wins the majority of seats gets to choose the Prime Minister so setting aside the quality of India's democracy and the arguments about misrepresentation in a country marred with social economic and political how is such a massive election logistically organized enter the Election Commission of India under India's Constitution the independent body is given absolute power to supervise direct control and conduct the process that anything would go wrong will go wrong India's democracy came into existence in 1951 with its first general election allowing every citizen regardless of gender class religion occupation wealth or level of literacy to vote that's why we decided from day one election arrangements begin a year in advance updating the electoral rolls preparing the 3.6 million electronic voting machines and hiring 11 million government workers to take on election duty including 2.5 million security personnel the people manning staffing the polling booth tend to be civil servants employed in other jobs so you know it could be a teacher it could be a mailman with someone from you know the state bureaucracy and during the elections all of these people are taking a leave from their work and are being reassigned for a few days to staffing appointed and setting up the 1 million voting booths is no easy feat according to election guidelines there must be a polling station no farther than 2 kilometers of every voter across the country from the mountain villages of Himachal Pradesh the deserts of Rajasthan to the beach towns of Kerala the rain forests of Assam and everything in between which means all modes of transportation including elephants camels boats and planes are deployed to reach even the most remote areas of the country in fact a polling booth is set up in the middle of a dense isolated jungle in Gujarat every election year so a sole voter a temple priest can contribute to his country's political process the helps with voter turnout in 2014 it was over 66% in India there's no election day instead it's an election month voting takes place in multiple phases across the regions this allows for election and security resources to move around the country and gives the Commission better control of what's going on at each polling station security issues like physical threats and bribes are just some of the challenges the Commission faces during the elections whether we're talking about the beginning of the insurgency in Kashmir Valley in the late 1980s where there are pretty solid allegations of ballot ballot stuffing ballot rigging whether we think about the old feudal wars that took place in Bihar when upper caste landlord armies forcibly either prevented or people from voting or coerced of into voting particular ways you know practices that were described as booth capture but experts say these types of cases are becoming less and less frequent thanks to the checks and balances applied by the Commission every area who are the people the criminals in the area has there been a history of booth capturing in the past to really flag it as a suspicious area something else that helps run the election electronic voting machines when we had elections through the ballot paper they were you know there was space we boot capturing it was far more susceptible to manipulation the electronic voting machines even though they've become a contentious issue as far as some political party the concern are really as foolproof as they can be one by one citizens line up to cast their ballot their left index finger is marked with ink to help prevent electoral fraud the 2019 election will be staggered over seven phases as long as a new Indian government is in place by the last week of May results are only announced once all votes are cast this is you know in an attempt at sort of not spoiling all sort of creating some sort of bias for people who vote later on in other states so they'll have suspense you have to be really patient and counting those both is another big task on its own with four thousand counting centers set up across the country after three to four days of the last day of the poll that is to keep margin for a possible repose now where we keep of a machines the people sleep outside the to keep original around the clock by lunchtime the country is in the nation though the results when it's all said and done organizers admit it's far from perfect but it's currently how they get almost a billion people to the polls thanks for watching Global News if you enjoy what you saw like the video you can also hit the subscribe button to get all the latest international news and trending videos

Maurice Vega

34 Responses

  1. Editor's note: Global News has received feedback over the map we chose to use in this report. Global News is aware of the concerns raised, but we want to clarify that the map used within this video reflects the locations of India's parliamentary seats and voting centres.


  3. I disliked this video because they shown wrong map of India…. Jammu and Kashmir is an integral part of India…

  4. You have used 2 different maps in this video, both are not the appropriate maps of India, please correct them.

  5. What a messed up video. You had to use every stereotype and just has to show India as dirt poor. SMH. I disliked this video.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Post comment