Do Government Shutdowns Work?


President Obama recently used executive orders
to make major changes to the United States immigration policy, an act that did not sit
well with the right. Some Republicans are proposing to fight back against the President’s immigration
overhaul with threats of another government shutdown. But, what exactly does it mean to
shutdown the government and is it an effective political tool? Well, a government shutdown happens when Congress
does not pass funding legislation put forth by the Executive Branch. Basically,
if Congress doesn’t pass an agreed upon annual budget, federal programs begin to shut down.
This usually happens because the two sides cannot agree on a major issue. In 2013 the
Republicans in the House passed budgetary amendments that would harm Obamacare and the
Democratic controlled Senate rejected the budget. There was more back and forth between
the two sides, but this difference ultimately resulted in a government shutdown. However,
even if the Obamacare changes passed through the Senate, the President would have used
his veto power, which would have also resulted in a government shutdown. Every year in order to
avoid a shutdown, the House, the Senate and the President all need to come to an agreement
on the budget. So what happens when the government shuts
down? Welp, the President and Congress still get
paid, but many other people do not. Federal employees are split into two categories, essential
and non-essential personnel, with the latter being forced to go home unpaid. Anyone that
works in national security, including embassies abroad, federal prisons, border patrols, emergency
and disaster workers and those who operate the power grid are considered essential personnel.
Almost everyone else is considered non- essential. This used to include Military personnel,
but in 2013 Congress passed a bill ensuring them a paycheck. In 2013 federal programs like the National
Institute of Health, Department of Housing and the Department of Homeland Security all
took major blows. Over 400 National Parks and Monuments closed down, as did the Environmental
Protection Agency and parts of the Department of Veterans Affairs. The government
estimates that about 800,000 government workers went unpaid during the shutdown. So, is shutting down the government an effective
political tool? The answer is. Sometimes. During a shutdown, the public starts to turn
on political parties and both sides feel pressure to get things done. In 1978 there was a shutdown
that lasted 18 days, mostly over President Carter vetoing money for an aircraft carrier
he thought was wasteful spending. In the end, congress relented and the budget went through
without that line item. A similar outcome occurred in a 1982 shutdown which defunded
a missile program that President Reagan wanted. But usually shutdowns are resolved by passing
temporary budgets that give the disagreeing sides more time to compromise. There have
been 18 shutdowns since 1976 and they each happen for their own reasons. One time the
government shut down for an entire day, because Congress just didn’t get around to voting
on a budget in time. Our elected officials aren’t the only ones
who have to make big decisions… Ever wonder if college is actually worth the investment?
Our friends over at Life Noggin just made a fantastic video about it. Check it out here, and don’t
forget to subscribe to TestTube!

Maurice Vega

100 Responses

  1. The past government shutdown screwed me and my family over. I don't care what they do, as long as they don't shut down again.

  2. If memory serves after the last shut down those non-essential employees who had been furloughed were paid for that time when they returned to work, thus a shut down became paid vacations for federal employees.

  3. If the American government would stop giving tax breaks to multi-national corporations and stop spending horrendously high amounts on 'national security', government shutdowns wouldn't even be a thing. The United States has one of the strongest economic machines in the world, it's crazy to think our government would need a shutdown, unless we were spending money on expensive and unnecessary things. 

  4. This would never happen in a constitutional monarchy, the King or Queen would give the government 24 hours to sort their shit out or they would all get fired.

  5. thats so stupid  the people who are causing the shutdown should have to pay for every hour the government is shut down. while all government employees get paid 

  6. Sigh, the ignorance of the comments. Yes let's blame one side lol. Let's over look the fact that Obama is overreaching with this immigration bill. If this had been Bush, you all would have your panties in a twist and screaming to the high heavens. I'm sorry, but I hope they do shut down the gov and I don't care which side does it. His immigration attempts are against the constitution and government shut downs is a legal way to approach this. 

  7. This particular part of American politics is even more ridiculous than American politics as a whole. What do most countries around the world do? Well, we keep using the previous year's budget for the time being, until a new budget is adopted.

    No need to cripple world finances for such a stupid reason…

    PS: Not trying to troll Americans themselves, merely a critic of their country's political system.

  8. Big government: Big power: Big danger. During a shutdown, many workers get no payment.

    That's the reason I believe in smaller government. Private organizations are more efficient because of competition and free enterprise.

    Don't missunderstand me: that does not mean we should sell forest parks to private companies. Instead, government should cooperate with private organizations to administrate public property, for example, and keep all this "non-non-essencial" up durong these issues aboit politics and parties.

  9. The problem is neither side can't agree on anything. The two parties are so divided. Sometimes I just want to bitch-slap every member of congress and tell them to do their fucking job!

  10. What's the point of the shutdown though?  Everyone who wasn't getting paid during the shutdown eventually gets that money when the shutdown is over, all while not actually working for that money.  So all that money just goes out anyway.  Why shut it down in the first place?

  11. You failed to mention that ALL of the government employees who were nonessential eventually were paid 100% of their salaries.  Those who were essential basically worked for free, since they received little if any additional pay for working during the "shutdown".

  12. The only thing these fking politicians care about is their own money and making more money. Goverment shutdowns dont affect them in anyway, ther than the public giving them the evil eye but they dont give a shit. Thousands of people stop working just cause these stupid pigs in the government want their own way. The only way for things to change is if you decrease the salary of these moronic politicians. But since the only people who can do that is themselves that will never happen. These idiots never agree on anything. Oh but you know what they do agree on, funding and supporting multi billion dollar corporations and intervening in foreign affairs that indirectly affect them.

    Piece of shit government and its ignorant praisers. The fall of this government is inevitable and I will be looking forward to it.

    AND IF THE FBI IS READING THIS YOU CAN SUCK ON MY RIGHT NUT BITCHES.

  13. Republicans have been saying that they don't want a shut down and are still trying to pass a spending bill. Yet the President said they do so it must be true? Thanks for showing us how far left Test tube leans.

  14. I'm not paying Congress' salary for them to shut down again. This whole threat of a shutdown is a big waste of time and my money. The Executive Order in question is legal, practical, and necessary. If Congress doesn't like it they should do the job we're paying them to do and pass a damned bill for a change, instead of bitching about it, throwing a temper-tantrum, and shutting the government down at the drop of a hat.

  15. Seriously Republicans? How is shutting down the government going to help you? That is just going to make people hate you because suddenly their government doesn't work and you would be the reason why and you will take the full blame. government shut downs are insulting.

  16. Republicans threatening another shutdown? TestTube your left leaning bias is really unfortunate considering how smart I know the people who run this are. Remember the last shutdown was due to the Harry Reid (Democrat) controlled Senate rejecting three bills sent by the Republican controlled house. Every bill sent was even more of a compromise than the last.

  17. 0:32 There shouldn't be "sides." Parties and their conformity is the number one cause of every problem in our government. George Washington warned against political parties, but for some dumbass reason people still set them up and let them destroy our country. Representatives should vote based on the exact things their people want them to. It should have nothing to do with parties, whether a party's ideas are correlated or not.

  18. Test tube ask the question whether a government shut down is effective they talk about all the people it hurts then say it basically is a coin flip on if it works.

    I'd say they oppose it.
    And their liberals….

  19. Well on the bright side republicans are becoming irrelevant on the national scene due to their idiocy.

    Look at the electoral college we won't be having a Republican president any time soon.

  20. As someone who doesn't live in America, from an outside perspective I can't help but feel like your country is run by a bunch of children who throw temper tantrums and flip the board over every time they don't get what they want; and here's the kicker… you pay them… to do just that. Top notch.

  21. Well, this problem isn't as bad as the problem in my country, we're currently purging corruption from all levels of the Government. HERETICS! TRAITORS! PURGE, PURGE, PURGE. *Space Marine voice*

  22. I am sick and fucking tired of conservatives pissing their pants just because they disagree with Liberals, or vice versa, I just see republicans doing it more.  Fuck both parties, they couldn't give any less of a fuck about America.  Lobbying is really the only way anything gets done anymore.  Not like this is going to change, Liberals are pussies, and Conservatives are dicks that become whinny little babies the second you disagree with 'em. 

  23. If the government shutdown occurs from immigration I see as a threat against my people who are living as prisoners in the Capitalist empire, as a Catholic Christian who opposes the A.C.E, their demise must occur not from factions who earn less money but a revolution like Ferguson to end Emperor Obama's regime and his opponents, the pro-Capitalist Republilosers who stole trillions of dollars that put itself and the world to debt, bankruptcy and poverty will eliminate the real authoritarian regime who annihiliated democracy from Capitalism is a failed Cold War ideology that forced millions like myself to poverty shall not hide but eliminate for peace.

  24. … Do they not realize that the last time they did something like this, they didn't exactly get any favors from the public? If they do this so close to the presidential election season, it'll be political suicide. The Left could literally go and say "atleast we don't threaten people's jobs by shutting down the government. We prefer to talk things out." And they'd get quite a bit of public support.

  25. If these fuckers want another shutdown then they better cut their salaries it's not fair that they're vacationing while they fuck the masses over

  26. So the "essential" personnel can't agree on a budget, therefore the "non-essential" personnel stop getting paid? That doesn't make any sense! Stop paying the assholes who are responsible for the disagreements!!!

  27. Come on everybody he used an "Executive order" knowing the Democrats that he represents would fight against the Republicans this is all a game please let's all work together to take this executive power away that nonsense should have been vetoed a long time ago your other ways for immigration I know few plans.

  28. Also… Immigrant reform is it a smart idea to allow some millions of immigrants know we have this is an isis issue. right I oppose!

  29. I would be willing to bet if we put everyone's name in a box and drew them randomly we'd get a more efficient and smarter Congress.

  30. From the perspective of a responsible person pushing things aside for later is the most childish thing to do, what are you 12? They need grow up, they make a lot of money for their skills if they don't want to work on agreeing then why do we have them there in the first place?
    No one will always agree but saying you are not going to deal with it? That's just immature.

  31. How can a person claim to have ideals of democracy and then go to pass major immigration reform without congressional approval? Obama strikes me as a spineless liar.

  32. why are the congress people still paid during a government shutdown? Really they should just be forced to stay there till they get something that will fund the goverment with of course reasonable breaks like you would give to a kid so they will not be to exshuasted so breakfast, lunch and dinner at that place but no one leaveing till it is past to fund the goverment without them benig able to right a bill saying to pay themselves nor a bill for them to say that they can leave before a funding bill for the goverment is made and past.
    Really how are they " essentail personal " they are all millionaires even the ones who were not when they got into office now are and are not really going to suffer any from a few days without pay but maybe if you make them all stay there to get it done they will pass something that will be good for the country … also do not allow in anyone not in congress to avoid lobbying.

  33. mat.

    Article 2

    SCHEDULE 1SUPPLEMENTARY AGREEMENT AMENDING THE AGREEMENT ON SOCIAL SECURITY BETWEEN THE GOVERNMENT OF THE UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND AND THE GOVERNMENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

    The Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Government of the United States of America;

    Having considered the Agreement on Social Security which was signed on their behalf at London on 13th February 1984 (hereinafter referred to as “the Agreement”);

    Having recognised the need to revise certain provisions of the Agreement;

    Have agreed as follows:

    Article 1

    1.  Article 1 of the Agreement shall be revised as follows:

    (a)Paragraph 1 shall be revised to read as follows:

    “1.  “Territory” means,

    as regards the United States, the States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and

    as regards the United Kingdom, England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland, and also the Isle of Man, the Island of Jersey, and the Islands of Guernsey, Alderney, Herm and Jethou; and references to the “United Kingdom” or to “territory” in relation to the United Kingdom shall include the Isle of Man, the Island of Jersey, and the Islands of Guernsey, Alderney, Herm and Jethou where appropriate;”.

    (b)Paragraph 3 shall be revised to read as follows:

    “3.  “Competent Authority” means,

    as regards the United States, the Commissioner of Social Security, and

    as regards the United Kingdom, the Department of Social Security for Great Britain, the Department of Health and Social Services for Northern Ireland, the Department of Health and Social Security of the Isle of Man, the Employment and Social Security Committee of the States of the Island of Jersey or the Guernsey Social Security Authority as the case may require;”.

    (c)Paragraph 7 shall be revised to read as follows:

    “7.  As regards the United Kingdom:

    (a)“insurance period” means,

    a contribution period or an equivalent period;

    (b)“contribution period” means,

    a period in respect of which contributions appropriate to the benefit in question are payable, have been paid or treated as paid;

    (c)“equivalent period” means,

    a period for which contributions appropriate to the benefit in question have been credited;

    (d)“survivor’s benefit” means,

    widow’s allowance, widow’s payment, widowed mother’s allowance and widow’s pension;

    (e)“child’s survivor benefit” means,

    guardian’s allowance and child’s special allowance;

    (f)“laws on coverage” means,

    the laws and regulations relating to the imposition of liability for the payment of social security contributions;

    (g)“qualifying period” for invalidity benefit means,

    (i)a period of incapacity of 364 days under the laws of Great Britain, Northern Ireland or the Isle of Man, or

    (ii)a period of incapacity of 364 days under the laws of Jersey, or

    (iii)a period of incapacity of 156 days, excluding Sundays, under the laws of Guernsey;

    (h)“first contribution condition” means,

    (i)under the laws of Great Britain, Northern Ireland or the Isle of Man, that a person has paid at least 52 Class I or Class II contributions at any time before 6 April 1975, or has paid, in one contribution year, Class I or Class II contributions producing an earnings factor of at least 50 times that year’s lower earnings limit in a tax year beginning on or after 6 April 1975, or

    (ii)under the laws of Jersey, that a person has paid contributions prior to the end of the relevant quarter and the annual contribution factor derived from these contributions is not less than 0.25, or

    (iii)under the laws of Guernsey, that a person has paid at least 26 reckonable contributions since 4 January 1965 or the date of his entry into the Guernsey scheme;

    (i)“second contribution condition” means,

    (i)under the laws of Great Britain, Northern Ireland or the Isle of Man, that a person has either paid or been credited with Class I or Class II contributions producing an earnings factor of at least 50 times the lower earnings limit in each of the last 2 complete contribution years before the relevant benefit year, or

    (ii)under the laws of Jersey, that a person has paid or been credited with contributions in respect of the relevant quarter and the quarterly contribution factor derived from those contributions is 1.00, or

    (iii)under the laws of Guernsey, that a person has paid or been credited with at least 26 reckonable contributions in the relevant contribution year;

    (j)a “qualifying year” means,

    (i)at least 50 weeks of insurance for periods before 6 April 1975, or that the person has received, or been treated as having received, earnings of at least 52 times the lower earnings limit in a tax year after 5 April 1978 under the laws of Great Britain, Northern Ireland and the Isle of Man, or

    (ii)an annual contribution factor of 1.00 under the laws of Jersey, or

    (iii)50 weeks under the laws of Guernsey;

    (k)a “reckonable year” means a tax year between 6 April 1975 and 5 April 1978 during which contributions have been paid on earnings received (or treated as received) of at least 50 times the lower earnings limit for that year;

    (l)“prescribed period” means, in relation to Jersey and Guernsey, the period commencing on the same date under the laws of Jersey or Guernsey, as the case may be, as the relevant period for the purposes of old age pension and ending on 31 December next preceding the date on which entitlement to invalidity benefit first arose;

    (m)“sickness benefit” means,

    (i)short-term incapacity benefit at the lower, higher or long-term rate payable under the legislation of Great Britain, Northern Ireland or the Isle of Man, or

    (ii)sickness benefit payable under the legislation of Jersey or Guernsey;

    (n)“invalidity benefit” means,

    (i)long-term incapacity benefit, additional pension, invalidity allowance and incapacity age addition payable under the legislation of Great Britain, Northern Ireland or the Isle of Man, or

    (ii)invalidity benefit payable under the legislation of Jersey or Guernsey.”.

    2.  In paragraph 1(a)(ii) of Article 2 of the Agreement, “1954” shall be replaced by “1986”.

    3.  Paragraph 1(b) of Article 2 of the Agreement shall be revised to read as follows:

    “(b)As regards the United Kingdom,

    (i)the Social Security Administration Act 1992, the Social Security Contributions and Benefits Act 1992, the Social Security (Consequential Provisions) Act 1992 and the Social Security (Incapacity for Work) Act 1994;

    (ii)the Social Security Administration (Northern Ireland) Act 1992, the Social Security Contributions and Benefits (Northern Ireland) Act 1992, the Social Security (Consequential Provisions) (Northern Ireland) Act 1992 and the Social Security (Incapacity for Work) (Northern Ireland) Order 1994;

    (iii)the Social Security Administration Act 1992, the Social Security Contributions and Benefits Act 1992, the Social Security (Consequential Provisions) Act 1992 and the Social Security (Incapacity for Work) Act 1994 (Acts of Parliament) as those Acts apply to the Isle of Man by virtue of Orders made, or having effect as if made, under the Social Security Act 1982 (an Act of Tynwald);

    (iv)the Social Security (Jersey) Law, 1974;

    (v)the Social Insurance (Guernsey) Law, 1978;

    and the laws which were repealed or consolidated by those Acts, Laws or Orders or repealed by legislation consolidated by them.”.

    4.  In paragraph 2 of Article 4 of the Agreement, the word “normally” shall be added immediately before the words “employed by”.

    5.  Article 4 paragraph 3 of the Agreement shall be revised to read as follows:

    “3.  A person who is covered under the laws on coverage of either Party with respect to self-employment shall be subject only to the laws on coverage of the Party in whose territory he ordinarily resides.”.

    6.  Article 7 paragraph 2 of the Agreement shall be revised to read as follows:

    “2.  Subject to the provisions of paragraph 3 of this Article and the provisions of Article 14, a person who would be entitled to receive an old age pension, a retirement pension, a survivor’s benefit or invalidity benefit under the laws of the United Kingdom if he were in the United Kingdom shall be entitled to receive that pension or benefit while he ordinarily resides in the territory of the United States, as if he were in the United Kingdom.”.

    7.  Article 11 paragraph 3 of the Agreement shall be revised to read as follows:

    “3.  Where the periods of coverage completed by a person under the laws of:

    (i)either Great Britain, Northern Ireland or the Isle of Man amount to less than one reckonable year, or, as the case may be, qualifying year, or relate only to periods before 6 April 1975 and in aggregate amount to less than 50 weeks, or

    (ii)Jersey amount to less than an annual contribution factor of 1.00, or

    (iii)Guernsey amount to less than 50 weeks,

    those periods shall be aggregated as if they had all been completed under the laws of any part of the territory of the United Kingdom under which a pension is payable or would be payable if the periods were aggregated, or, where two such pensions are or would be payable, under the laws of that part which, at the date on which entitlement first arose or arises, is paying or would pay the greater amount. Where the aggregate of the periods of coverage is less than one qualifying year or reckonable year, this Article and Article 9 shall not apply.”.

    8.  Article 14 of the Agreement shall be revised to read as follows:

    “1.  The provisions of paragraphs 2 to 5 of this Article shall apply to claims for invalidity benefit under the laws of Great Britain, Northern Ireland or the Isle of Man.

    2.  A person who has satisfied the first contribution condition for sickness benefit as defined in Article 1 using contributions under the laws of Great Britain, Northern Ireland or the Isle of Man only, who is in the territory of the United States and is not subject to the laws on coverage of Great Britain, Northern Ireland or the Isle of Man under Articles 4, 5 or 6 of this Agreement, shall be entitled to receive invalidity benefit under the laws of Great Britain, Northern Ireland or the Isle of Man provided that:

    (a)the second contribution condition for sickness benefit under the laws of the United Kingdom is satisfied using relevant periods of coverage under the laws of the United Kingdom and, if necessary, the United States, and

    (b)the person is incapacitated for work and has been so incapacitated throughout the qualifying period for invalidity benefit, in which case the person shall be treated as if sickness benefit followed by invalidity benefit, under the laws of Great Britain, Northern Ireland or the Isle of Man, had been paid throughout that period of incapacity.

    For the purposes of sub-paragraph (a), a person will be considered to meet the second contribution condition if he is credited with at least 2 quarters of coverage under the laws of the United States in each of the last 2 complete contribution years before the relevant benefit year. The relevant Competent Authority of Great Britain, Northern Ireland or the Isle of Man will reallocate any quarter of coverage credited to a person under the laws of the United States within a calendar year to any other calendar quarter within that year if it is needed to satisfy the second contribution condition in a relevant contribution year, as long as it has not been used to satisfy the second contribution condition in any other relevant contribution year.

    The rate of the invalidity benefit payable shall be that which would be paid under the laws of Great Britain, Northern Ireland or the Isle of Man without the application of this Agreement unless a disability benefit under the laws of the United States is in payment, whether or not under the provisions of this Agreement, in which case the rate of invalidity benefit payable shall be determined in accordance with the provisions of paragraph 3 of this Article.

    3.  Taking account of sub-paragraphs (a) and (b) of this paragraph, the relevant Agency of Great Britain, Northern Ireland or the Isle of Man shall ascertain the proportion of invalidity benefit provided under its laws in the same ratio as the total of the periods of coverage completed under its laws bears to the total periods of coverage completed under the laws of both Parties.

    (a)The provisions of paragraphs 1, 2 and 5 of Article 9 and the provisions of paragraphs 4, 6 and 7 of Article 11 of this Agreement shall apply to periods of coverage credited under the laws of the United States as if the references in those Articles to an old age pension, a retirement pension or a pension were references to invalidity benefit.

    (b)For the purpose of calculating the proportion of benefit referred to above, no account shall be taken of any period of coverage completed after the day on which a person’s incapacity commenced.

    The amount of benefit calculated in accordance with the above provisions of this paragraph shall be the amount of invalidity benefit actually payable to that person.

    4.  Where a person in the territory of Great Britain, Northern Ireland or the Isle of Man, or a person outside the territory of Great Britain, Northern Ireland or the Isle of Man who is entitled to an invalidity benefit under the relevant legislation other than under paragraph 2 of this Article, is in receipt of invalidity benefit under the laws of Great Britain, Northern Ireland or the Isle of Man and also is in receipt of a disability benefit under the laws of the United States, whether or not under the provisions of this Agreement, the rate of invalidity benefit under the laws of Great Britain, Northern Ireland or the Isle of Man shall be determined in accordance with the provisions of paragraphs 3 and 5 of this Article.

    5.  Where a person to whom the provisions of paragraph 4 apply:

    (a)would have been entitled to receive invalidity benefit under the laws of Great Britain, Northern Ireland or the Isle of Man, without recourse to this Agreement; and

    (b)is entitled to receive both invalidity benefit under paragraph 3 and a disability benefit under the laws of the United States, whether or not under the provisions of this Agreement, and the sum of these two benefits is less than the amount of invalidity benefit to which the person would otherwise have been entitled under (a);

    the competent authority of Great Britain, Northern Ireland or the Isle of Man shall calculate the difference between the amounts of benefit calculated in accordance with sub-paragraphs (a) and (b), on the date that entitlement to invalidity benefit payable under paragraph 3 first arose, and shall pay that amount in addition to the invalidity benefit payable. The additional sum will remain in payment under the same conditions as the invalidity benefit and subject to the equivalent increases in amount, as appropriate.

    6.  Notwithstanding any other provision of this Agreement, invalidity benefit shall be payable under the laws of Jersey only in accordance with the provisions of paragraphs 7 to 9 of this Article.

    7.  For the purpose of qualifying for invalidity benefit, a person who is in the territory of the United States and

    (a)has satisfied the first contribution condition for invalidity benefit using contributions under the laws of Jersey only; and

    (b)has satisfied the second contribution condition for invalidity benefit using relevant periods of coverage under the laws of either Party; and

    (c)is incapable of work, and has been so incapable throughout the qualifying period for invalidity benefit;

    shall be treated as if he had been entitled to sickness benefit throughout that period.

    For the purposes of sub-paragraph (b), a person will be considered to meet the second contribution condition if he is credited with at least 2 quarters of coverage under the laws of the United States in each of the last 2 complete calendar years before the calendar year in which the claim for benefit was made.

    8.  Where a person has satisfied the conditions set out in paragraph 7, the Competent Authority of Jersey shall determine the actual rate of invalidity benefit payable as the amount that bears the same relation to the standard rate of benefit as the life average contribution factor during the prescribed period bears to 1.00, except that no benefit shall be payable where the factor is less than 0.1.

    9.  Where a person who is in Jersey is entitled to invalidity benefit under the laws of Jersey, that benefit shall be payable.

    10.  Notwithstanding any other provision of this Agreement, invalidity benefit shall be payable under the laws of Guernsey only in accordance with the provisions of paragraphs 11 to 13 of this Article.

    11.  For the purpose of qualifying for invalidity benefit, a person who is in the territory of the United States or Guernsey and

    (a)has satisfied the first contribution condition for sickness benefit using contributions under the laws of Guernsey only; and

    (b)has satisfied the second contribution condition for sickness benefit using relevant periods of coverage under the laws of either Party; and

    (c)is incapable of work, and has been so incapable throughout the qualifying period for invalidity benefit;

    shall be treated as if he had been entitled to sickness benefit throughout that period.

    For the purposes of sub-paragraph (b), each quarter of coverage credited under the laws of the United States in the relevant contribution year shall be treated as if it had been a contribution period of thirteen weeks completed as an employed or self-employed person in the relevant contribution year.

    12.  Where a person has satisfied the conditions set out in paragraph 11, the Competent Authority of Guernsey shall:

    (a)deem the contribution conditions for the payment of invalidity benefit satisfied provided that the periods of coverage under the laws of Guernsey total one qualifying year; and

    (b)calculate the amount of invalidity benefit to be paid, subject to paragraph 13, as being the proportion, not exceeding 100%, of the standard rate which the total number of contributions paid or credited in Guernsey during the prescribed period bears to the product of the number of years in that period and fifty: save that if the amount so calculated is less than one-twentieth of the standard rate, no benefit shall be payable.

    13.  Where a person is in Guernsey and

    (a)is entitled to invalidity benefit under the laws of Guernsey solely through the application of paragraphs 11 and 12, or has been entitled to such a benefit in relation to the claim in question solely through the application of those paragraphs; and

    (b)is in receipt of a disability benefit under the laws of the United States, whether or not by virtue of this Agreement;

    the amount of the invalidity benefit payable under the laws of Guernsey shall be reduced by the amount by which the aggregate of both benefits exceeds the standard rate of invalidity benefit under the laws of Guernsey.

    14.  No person in relation to whom invalidity benefit is payable under the provisions of this Agreement shall receive a contribution credit from Jersey or Guernsey unless present in Jersey or Guernsey, as the case may be.

    15.  Where a person’s periods of coverage under the laws of a part of the United Kingdom total less than one qualifying year, or one reckonable year, these periods shall be aggregated as if they had all been completed under the laws of any part of the territory of the United Kingdom under which a sickness benefit or an invalidity benefit is payable or would be payable if the periods were aggregated, or, where two such benefits are or would be payable, under the laws of that part which, at the date on which entitlement first arose or arises, is paying or would pay the greater amount. Where the aggregate of the periods of coverage is less than one qualifying year, or one reckonable year, this Article shall not apply.

    16.  Notwithstanding any other provision of this Article, a person in the territory of the United States who is subject to the laws on coverage of the United Kingdom by virtue of any of the Articles 4 to 6 of this Agreement and who satisfies the contribution conditions applicable to sickness benefit under those laws shall, for the purpose of determining his entitlement to invalidity benefit under those laws:

    (a)be treated as if he were in the territory of the United Kingdom; and

    (b)each day of incapacity for work while in the territory of the United States may, where appropriate, be treated as if it were a day for which he had received sickness benefit under the laws of the United Kingdom.

    17.  Any restriction which would otherwise be applicable under the laws of the United Kingdom in the rate of benefit payable to persons who are not ordinarily resident in the territory of the United Kingdom shall not apply to persons in the territory of the United States who are in receipt of invalidity benefit under the laws of the United Kingdom by virtue of the provisions of this Agreement.”.

  34. Dude… FUCK republicans. They're evil, greedy, tantrum-throuwing, xenophobic, hypocritucal leviathans. These motherfuckers will go to hell and back to stop you from having an abortion, but once the baby is born and you need healthcare or welfare, well, you and your baby can starve to death for all they care! FUCK YOU!!!

  35. I swear to fucking god, if the founding fathers knew what today's passive-aggressive politicians would be like, they would have written the constitution differently. 

  36. In Canada, budget votes are considered votes of confidence. If the government can't pass a budget, an election is called. Mostly happens with minority governments.

  37. 2:40  I found 17 of the 18 which one is missing?

    PAST FEDERAL GOVERNMENT SHUTDOWNS

    Year        Beginning date            Length in Days              Ending date
                    (at midnight)

    1976        Thursday, Sept 30           10                         Monday, Oct 11

    1977        Friday, Sept 30             12                         Thursday, Oct 13
                    Monday, Oct 31          8                         Wednesday, Nov 9
                    Wednesday, Nov 30       8                         Friday, Dec 9

    1978        Saturday, Sept 30           17                        Wednesday, Oct 18

    1979        Sunday, Sept 30            11                        Friday, Oct 12

    1981        Friday, Nov 20              2                        Monday, Nov 23

    1982        Thursday, Sept 30           1                        Saturday, Oct 2
                    Friday, Dec 17          3                        Tuesday, Dec 21

    1983        Thursday, Nov 10            3                        Monday, Nov 14

    1984        Sunday, Sept 30             2                        Wednesday, Oct 3
                    Wednesday, Oct 3        1                        Friday, Oct 5

    1986        Thursday, Oct 16            1                        Saturday, Oct 18

    1987        Friday, Dec 18              1                         Sunday, Dec 20

    1990        Friday, Oct 5               3                         Tuesday, Oct 9

    1995        Monday, Nov 13              5                         Sunday, Nov 19
                    Friday, Dec 15         21                       Saturday, Jan 6, 1996

  38. so the republicans… are saying.. they'll stop doing their job, to prevent the ppl from doing our jobs… in order to threaten the president.

    .. i was in the middle before. but now im kinda thinking the ppl making those kinds of threats ought to stop being part of the government. >_>

  39. So, do other countries have government shutdowns? Or is this something that only happens in the United States? 

  40. There needs to be some punishment to all parties for a government shutdown. Lawmakers must go unpaid for day the shutdown is in effect, and at the end of the shutdown, must pay, out of their own pockets, the damages caused. I know, wishful thinking, but this shit has got to stop. Law makers ought to be a category all their own. Essential, but only paid while the government is in operation.

  41. Ignorance.

    Presidents don't write budgets.  They send budget requests.  Congress does not have to listen to a word of a president's budget request and have historically made heavy modifications to presidential budgets.  A president's budget is not what is voted on, Congress has to draft a bill actually numerating a budget on their own, with or without the help of the president's budget request.

    So, to say "when Congress does not pass funding legislation put forward by the executive branch," that's grossly inaccurate.

  42. Don't know, never been shut down long enough to know.  It is the only way to stop them from spending money they don't have… Debit will get us, everything else is BS.  want to know what will happen to us look at Greece, they are a mirror to us.

  43. Mobile usually does not let me click on the video you are suggesting at the end, so please put in the comments section.

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