CNN Student News – January 27, 2017 | Chinese New Year: largest annual human migration in the world


Welcome to Fridays are awesome! This is CNN
10 and I`m Carl Azuz. Yesterday, British Prime Minister Theresa
May came to the U.S. for a two- day visit. She`s the first serving foreign leader to
speak at the annual congressional Republican retreat. That`s in Philadelphia this year.
And Prime Minister May is also the first foreign
leader to meet with U.S. President Donald Trump since his inauguration. Britain is widely considered to be America`s closest ally. A separate international meeting was cancelled
though. Mexican President Enrique Pena Nieto had been scheduled to visit President Trump
at the White House next Tuesday. But Mr. Trump`s moving
forward with plans to build a wall on the U.S. Mexico border. He wants Mexico to pay
for it and that`s something Mr. Pena Nieto has repeatedly said
Mexico would not do. On Thursday, President Trump said if President
Pena Nieto continued to refuse to finance the wall, it would be better for him to skip
the meeting. So, the Mexican leader cancelled his plans,
saying his country does not believe in walls. The White House said it would keep communication
open with America`s southern neighbor. On the border`s edge from Nogales, Arizona,
several dozen migrants gather for breakfast inside a shelter known as Kino Border Initiative. It`s where Jesus Garcia is trying to figure
out how to get into the United States. Over a map, he recounts how far he`s traveled since
he left home the day before Donald Trump was elected president. So, he started here in San Pedro Sula in Honduras,
made his way across Guatemala, here into this little town, and this is where he crossed into Mexico. He says he hasn`t been able to cross. He left
home November 7th of last year and he`s tried three times already to get across but he hasn`t
been able to. Garcia says it`s the first time he`s ever
tried crossing the border illegally and says it`s harder than he imagined.
He says, “If I made this the far, I`m going to keep trying.” But on the other side, a legion of border
patrol agents, cameras, barricades, ground sensors are waiting, even some private citizens working on their own to stop migrants like
Jesus Garcia from getting across. This is the scene in “The Matrix.” In Tim Foley`s world, the border lands are
a threatening, dangerous place. This is the red pill. This is what the world
really looks like. Foley leads a volunteer group called Arizona
Border Recon that patrols the border around Sasabe, Arizona, a town the U.S.-Mexico border with less than a hundred people. I`ve been called everything in the book. I`ve
been called a domestic extremist. The Southern Poverty Law Center, which monitors
hate group in the U.S., says Foley`s group is made up of, quote, “native extremists.” Foley sees the flow of drugs, undocumented
migrants and the wide open spaces of the border as the country`s biggest threat. Along the nearly 2,000-mile U.S. southern
border, there is already about 700 miles of fencing and barricades already in place. Here in Sasabe, Arizona, this steel see-through
fence stretches for several miles, but as you approach the end of town, it abruptly
comes to an end like these border fences often do as it stretches
out into rugged, remote terrain in the Arizona desert.
I put cameras about five minutes from the road. Foley relies on a collection of cameras he
hides in the brush to capture the movements of drug smugglers. He often shares that information and videos with border patrol
agents. You need boots on the ground. That`s what`s
keeping you out there. Good thing we have this up here.
Foley voted for Donald Trump and wants to see all documented immigrants in the U.S.
deported and additional border agents moved closer to the Mexican border. But he`s not convinced
Trump or anyone else can change the reality he sees. When you`re reactive to a problem, you`re
always going to be behind the solution. For many like 18-year-old Mariesela Ramirez,
they try to come illegally from Mexico. She was caught by border patrol with a group of migrants and quickly deported. She wanted to find work in the U.S. to help
support her elderly parents. She trembles as she recalls the experience of being smuggled
across the border.
I asked her if she was going to try to cross again. Her brother is still being detained
in the United States. She`s waiting for him to get out and she`s not really sure what
they`re going to do next. So, she`s waiting for him to be sent back here and they`ll figure
out what they`re going to do next. It`s the cycle that never ends on the border. Chinese New Year is this Saturday. It`s often
characterized as the largest annual human migration, because hundreds of millions of
Chinese are headed home to celebrate their country`s most
important holiday. Of course, it`s not just celebrated here. It`s observed by Chinese
worldwide, and it`s not just marked on one day. The festival
official lasts more than two weeks. Also known as Spring Festival, the Chinese
Lunar New Year doesn`t follow the exact time every year. It`s determined by the occurrence
of the second new moon after the winter solstice. That usually
falls between January 21st and February 20th on the Gregorian calendar. And as people enter the year 4715 on the Chinese
calendar, there`s a tremendous amount of traveling being done across the world`s most populated country. I`m here at the Beijing railway station in
the capital of China, as people take last minute trips for the Lunar New Year. It`s just the staggering
amount of people traveling at this time of year, more than 100 million Chinese will go
on just one day home, mostly using rail like
this. More than a billion travel across Asia for this holiday. “It`s a 20-hour train ride”, said Ching (ph).
“I only get to see the family once a year.” “I`m getting excited,” she says. “We can`t
wait to get home.” “It`s a Chinese tradition to take gifts home.
Everyone does it.” And to have one more thing stuck away in their
bags, the hong bao or the red envelope. This time, we`re heading into the year of the rooster. They put money in it and give it
to family members. People don`t just travel here in China. They`re
traveling across the world. More than 6 million people are leaving China for the New Year
is a big tourist boom as well. David McKenzie, CNN, Beijing, China. Ten-second trivia: Which landmark is also known as Chomolungma? Mount Everest, Ayers Rock, Kilauea, or Timbuktu? Towering over the Himalayan Mountains, you`ll
find what`s known locally as Chomolungma, Mount Everest. It`s the highest point on the planet. Sitting
on the border between Nepal and the Tibet autonomous region of China, Mount Everest
stands at 29,035 feet tall, give or take. Now, why would we say that? Well, the Indian government measured it in
1955 at 29,029 feet. But however tall it was, Everest might have shrunk two years ago when
a major earthquake struck Nepal. A group of Indian
scientists think it might have brought Everest down a few feet. So, they want to send a team of about 30 researchers
and surveyors to measure the mountain. They`d use GPS and triangulation to do it and the estimated cost of the project, about $800,000.
It takes months of planning and the scientists have to consult with Nepal and China first. Nepal is already planning its own height survey
after claims were made that the earthquake moved Everest`s tectonic plate. Risk and reward, a Swedish snowmobiler gets
“10 Out of 10” today. Apparently, there was a race on to see who
could do this first — land a double back flip — one, two — on a snowmobile. And Daniel Bodin recently became the first
person to do it. He`s won multiple awards at the X Games in the past. He`s also fractured
multiple vertebrae in a crash. So, there had been some
bumps along the road to snowmobiling success. He says he`s been dreaming of this trick for
two years. Now, some motors (ph) said there was snow
way to mountain your con-snow- seur with a winter somersault in gear. But when you got
enough freestyle in the clutch, you don`t need to be backflipping, even if others can`t snowmo-believe it. I`m Carl Azuz and that`s CNN 10.

Maurice Vega

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