Anti Communist Arguments Episode 3: People Hated Socialism

Anti-Communist Arguments, Episode 3 Argument: People hated Socialism. Evidence: Testimonies of people who lived
in former/current socialist countries. Uprisings against socialist rule. Many individual testimonies given as evidence
of people hating socialism have either been shown to be untrustworthy or are simply unverified,
anecdotal claims that aren’t backed up by statistical data. Such anecdotes are only
taken seriously due to the pervasiveness of propaganda against socialism and especially
the Soviet Union portraying life as dull, grey and opressive. In addition to individual testimonies which
run counter to the established narrative – such as those of Julia Hawkins, Ella Shistyer,
Tatiana Fedorova, Valentia Mikova, Wang Zheng and Dongping Han – there is statistical evidence
to show that people who lived in socialist countries prefer socialism to capitalism.
Polls and opinion polls have repeatedly shown that people found life under Socialism much
more enjoyable and fulfilling than life under Capitalism. More specifically, in 16 out of the 21 countries
surveyed a majority of people preferred life under Socialism. Those countries are: Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bulgaria,
East Germany, Hungary, Kazakstan, Kyrgzstan, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Tajikistan,
Ukraine, Yugoslavia The 5 where a majority of people didn’t prefer
life under Socialism are: Georgia, Lithuania, Turkmenistan, Czech Republic,
Poland In only 1 of these countries (Turkmenistan)
did a majority (that is, more than 50%) of people say they prefer life under Capitalism. The vast majority of the world’s population
are dissatisfied with capitalism, with young people actively rejecting it. Not only this,
youth in Europe say they’d be willing to participate in an uprising to overthrow the staus quo,
a testament to how destitute and hopless people’s prospects for the future have become after
decades of neoliberal capitalism. People often cite various uprisings against
Soviet rule within Eastern Europe (as well as the eventuall fall of those regimes) as
evidence of people being dissatisfied with socialism, however the reality of the situation
is much more complicated than that. Firstly, let’s look at an early example: The
Hungarian Revolution of 1956. It was not an uprising against Socialism itself
but rather against specific aspects of Soviet-imposed Socialism at the time. Many of the people
taking part were in fact communists themselves such as the leaders of the revolution Imre
Nagy and Pál Maléter [show wikipedia pages]. The revolution was not anti-Socialist but
merely anti-Soviet, wanting to maintain Socialism in a more democratic and libertarian form,
with less rigid party control as well as a more neutral diplomatic stance. The same was true of the Prague Spring – it
was not a movement against socialism itself but rather against the highly centralised
form of Soviet socialism existing at the time under Kruschev and his successors. The movement’s
initiator and leader, Alexander Dubček, was a communist. The movement was not centred
around abolishing socialism, but increasing liberties such as freedom of the press, freedom
of speech, and freedom of movement, as well as placing less emphasis on militarism. Dubček
himself stated that his goal was “to build an advanced socialist society on sound economic
foundations … a socialism that corresponds to the historical democratic traditions of
Czechoslovakia, in accordance with the experience of other communist parties …” Moving on to the fall of the Eastern Bloc. Austin Murphy, in his book – The Triumph of
Evil, The Reality of the USA’s Cold War Victory – explains the factors behind the fall. For
example, he shows how people falsely associated capitalism with the relative prosperity of
people in western countries compared to eastern ones. The real reasons for this relative prosperity
included being wealthier to begin with, being significantly less damaged by World War 2,
the Marshall Plan (being given billions of dollars by the US to re-build the economies
of westren nations), imperialism, embargoes and, in the case of East Germany, war reperations
and de-industrialisation. In Chapter 1, Murphy says: “While there were numerous factors that contributed
to a desire among some to turn away from communism, it is especially important to point out that
the majority of the Eastern European people did not want to eliminate their system*. Communism
was actually dismantled by various Eastern European leaders who acted against the will
of the people. … …various East German leaders gave in to
Western pressure to open up their economy and political system, thereby enabling an
overwhelming combination of West German bribes, extortion, and marketing to destroy the East
German economy and the people’s will to preserve their system and independence.” The effectiveness of anti-communist propagnda
in creating a positive image of the West can be seen by the fact that West German products
were perceived as higher quality despite the fact that East German products were proven
to be superior in unbiased scientific analysis (such as taste tests without brand names).
This image clearly didn’t hold up to reality, judging by the fact that 99.9% of the 15 million
East Germans who visited the West chose to stay in the East. In addition to the propaganda and economic
warfare, various anti-communist groups, particularly in East Germany – which were funded by the
CIA – attempted to sabotage the socialist system, spread anti-communist propaganda and
incite rebellion. William Blum in Chapter 8 of his book, Killing
Hope, states: “American cold warriors, however, as if discontent
with the game score or with leaving so much to chance, instituted a crude campaign of
sabotage and subversion against East Germany designed to throw the economic and administrative
machinery out of gear. The CIA and other US intelligence and military services in West
Germany (with occasional help from the likes of British intelligence and the West German
police) recruited, equipped, trained and financed German activist groups and individuals of
West and East.” Blum goes on to list the activities of US-funded
anti-communist groups in East Germany in the rest of the chapter. Examples include:
– damaging important buildings such as dockyards, dams and power stations;
– blowing up roads and railway bridges – poisoning the food and drink supplies of
various institutions including schools – disrupting political meetings, often assaultting
and sometimes murdering the attendees – sabotaging the economy (for instance forging
documents and ration cards and destroying machinery and freight trains)
American and British intelligence has been known to have funded violent street gangs
in the past such as during the overthrow of Mohammad Mossadegh, so it’s not far fetched
that they would do the same when faced with their biggest rival throughout history. All of these factors – sabotage, propaganda
and economic warfare, as well as Gorbachev’s revisionism & market reforms – must be taken
into account when analysing the fall of the Soviet Union & Eastern Bloc. Looking at these
factors in conjuction with survey data from the time, it’s clear to see that the fall
of the Eastern Bloc was not due to dissatisfaction with socialism but instead due to the aforementioned
factors: – Sabotage
– Propaganda – Economic Warfare
– Revisionism and Market Reforms

Maurice Vega

3 Responses

  1. Really like your stuff man, very clear and concise.Thanks for putting sources in the comments as well, I usually end up wanting to read more.

    …Although, if it's not too much extra work, you may want to provide links within the video itself. I almost didn't notice you included them, and it's difficult to pinpoint which source backs up which claim using the static links below.

  2. Utter nonsense.
    1) Communism in eastern Europe was imposed by force, terror, mass murder and deportations.
    2) The uprisings were a result of slow uncovering of the extend the soviet terror machine lied to people, which started after Stalin's death.
    3) The main emphasis was on a gain of more liberties as individual countries and return to democracy.
    4) Soviets were only able to sustain the block and power by a constant system of repressions. That started with Russian/Ukrainian peasants, through constant purges of military and political population and military interventions in Hungary in Czechs.
    5) Massive statues of Stalin were destroyed in the czech-slovakian and Hungury as a demonstration of how people were unhappy with Soviet presence.

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